Ernst Mutschler

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A variety of muscarinic antagonists are currently used as tools to pharmacologically subclassify muscarinic receptors into M1, M2 and M3 subtypes. In the present study, we have determined the affinity profiles of several of these antagonists at five cloned human muscarinic receptors (m1-m5) stably expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells (CHO-K1). At all(More)
UNLABELLED P2X receptors are cation channels gated by extracellular ATP. The seven known P2X isoforms possess no sequence homology with other proteins. Here we studied the quaternary structure of P2X receptors by chemical cross-linking and blue native PAGE. P2X1 and P2X3 were N-terminally tagged with six histidine residues to allow for non-denaturing(More)
We have characterized PPADS (pyridoxalphosphate-6-azophenyl-2',4'-disulfonic acid) as a novel antagonist which selectively blocks P2 purinoceptor-mediated responses in rabbit vas deferens at pre- and postjunctional sites. PPADS did not interact with alpha 1-adrenoceptors, muscarinic M2 and M3 receptors, histamine H1 and adenosine A1 receptors. Thus, PPADS(More)
Although metabolism via glucuronide conjugation has generally been considered a detoxification route for carboxylic acids, the newly discovered chemical reactivity of these conjugates, leading to covalent binding with proteins, is consistent with the toxicity observed for drugs containing the carboxylic acid moiety. Here we report that degradation rates(More)
In senescence renal function is thought to decline markedly even in the absence of renal disease. It has also been proposed that the changes in renal function with age are not uniform and that confounding factors such as hypertension or atherosclerosis may play a role. We performed a comprehensive study to compare several aspects of renal function in four(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with nephrotic syndrome, the natriuretic effect of furosemide (FU) is diminished. The effect of coadministration of FU and human albumin (HA) has remained controversial. METHODS In a double-blind, placebo-controlled study, nine nephrotic patients (six males, 48 +/- 4 years) on standardized sodium chloride intake, in random order on(More)
The N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor-channel complex exists in multiple forms which probably have different physiological and pharmacological properties. To further evaluate this concept of different NMDA receptor subtypes, receptor binding and autoradiographic techniques were used to study the phencyclidine (PCP) binding site of the NMDA receptor(More)
1. We studied the functional interaction between transport and metabolism by comparing the transport of losartan and its active metabolite EXP 3174 (EXP) across cell monolayers. 2. Epithelial layers of Caco-2 cells as well as MDR1, MRP-1 and MRP-2 overexpressing cells, in comparison to the respective wildtypes, were used to characterize the transcellular(More)
The ability of WAL 2014 to elicit muscarinic responses was investigated in various in vitro and in vivo models. In CHO cells transfected with human m1- or m3- receptor genes, WAL 2014 was clearly more effective in stimulating the M1-mediated PI response. In isolated tissue preparations, WAL 2014 exhibited full agonist properties in the rabbit vas deferens(More)
Pyridoxal-5'-phosphate-6-(2'-naphthylazo-6'-nitro-4',8'-disulfonat e) (PPNDS) potently antagonized P2X(1) receptor-mediated responses in rat vas deferens (pK(B)=7.43) and Xenopus laevis oocytes (pIC(50)=7. 84). It showed lower (up to 20,000-fold) inhibitory potency on ecto-nucleotidase in Xenopus oocytes and on P2Y(1) receptors in guinea-pig ileum(More)