Ernst J. A. Steller

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Metastatic cancer cells (seeds) preferentially grow in the secondary sites with a permissive microenvironment (soil). We show that the metastatic cells can bring their own soil--stromal components including activated fibroblasts--from the primary site to the lungs. By analyzing the efferent blood from tumors, we found that viability of circulating(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Stem cells of normal tissues have resistance mechanisms that allow them to survive genotoxic insults. The stem cell-like cells of tumors are defined by their tumor-initiating capacity and may have retained these resistance mechanisms, making them resistant to chemotherapy. We studied the relationship between resistance to the topoisomerase(More)
Cell dynamics in subcutaneous and breast tumors can be studied through conventional imaging windows with intravital microscopy. By contrast, visualization of the formation of metastasis has been hampered by the lack of long-term imaging windows for metastasis-prone organs, such as the liver. We developed an abdominal imaging window (AIW) to visualize(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Recently, we have shown that micro-metastases, in the hypoxic transition zone surrounding lesions generated by radiofrequency ablation (RFA), display strongly accelerated outgrowth. CD95 is best known for its ability to induce apoptosis but can also promote tumorigenesis in apoptosis-resistant tumor cells. Therefore, we tested whether CD95(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Death receptors expressed on tumor cells can prevent metastasis formation by inducing apoptosis, but they also can promote migration and invasion. The determinants of death receptor signaling output are poorly defined. Here we investigated the role of oncogenic K-Ras in determining death receptor function and metastatic potential. (More)
Colorectal tumorigenesis is accompanied by the generation of oxidative stress, but how this controls tumor development is poorly understood. Here, we studied how the H2O2-reducing enzyme glutathione peroxidase 2 (GPx2) regulates H2O2 stress and differentiation in patient-derived "colonosphere" cultures. GPx2 silencing caused accumulation of radical oxygen(More)
UNLABELLED Drug-resistant cancer stem cells (CSCs) have been implicated in tumor recurrence following chemotherapy. However, the contribution of CSCs to drug-resistance in colorectal cancer is unclear and CSC-intrinsic drug-resistance mechanisms are ill-defined. Here, we address these issues by proteomic analysis of the secretomes of CSCs and isogenic(More)
Oxaliplatin is frequently used in the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). Our previous work shows that oxaliplatin induces the pro-apoptotic protein Noxa in CRC cells. The Bcl2-inhibitor ABT-737 is particularly effective in cells with high Noxa levels. Therefore, we tested whether oxaliplatin and ABT-737 display synergy in killing CRC cells. A(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in the liver is associated with accelerated outgrowth of micrometastases. The aim of the study was to test the role of CD95 signaling in accelerated outgrowth of colorectal liver metastases following I/R. METHODS Mice underwent vascular clamping 5 days after induction of colorectal liver metastases. Invasion(More)
Homeostasis of the continuously self-renewing intestinal tract involves cell proliferation, migration, differentiation along the crypt-villus-axis and shedding of cells into the gut lumen. CD95-ligand (FAS-ligand, CD95L) is a cytokine that is known for its capacity to induce apoptosis by binding its cognate receptor, CD95 (Fas). More recently, it was(More)