Ernst Gleichmann

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Induction of allergic and autoimmune reactions by drugs and other chemicals constitutes a major public health problem. Elucidation of the underlying mechanisms might help improve diagnostic tools and therapeutic approaches. Here, Peter Griem and colleagues focus on several aspects of neoantigen formation by xenobiotics: metabolism of xenobiotics into(More)
We used a modified version of the popliteal lymph node assay in rats to investigate the immunosuppressive potential of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). In 10 months we conducted 3 experimental series. Animals were treated with single s.c. injections of TCDD and 7 days later human red blood cells (HRBC) were injected s.c. into the right hind(More)
Metal-induced autoimmunity is a well established but poorly understood phenomenon. Recent work has begun to elucidate the molecular interactions of metal ions with immune cells and self-proteins. Metal-induced presentation of cryptic self-peptides emerges as a possible mechanism for activation of 'metal-specific' T cells, challenging the hypothesis of a(More)
Upon weekly i.m. injections of disodium gold thiomalate (Na2AuTM) 100% of A.SW mice produced IgG autoantibodies to antinuclear Ag and nucleolar Ag, respectively; about 70% of C57BL/6 mice produced IgG antinuclear Ag, whereas DBA/2 mice were resistant. Moreover, C57BL/6 mice, but not DBA/2 mice, showed increased mesangial deposits of IgG. These alterations(More)
Procainamide (PA) may cause drug-induced lupus, and its reactive metabolites, hydroxylamine-PA (HAPA) and nitroso-PA, are held responsible for this. Here, we show that N-oxidation of PA to these metabolites can take place in macrophages and lead to formation of neoantigens that sensitize T cells. Murine peritoneal macrophages (PMvarphi), exposed to PA in(More)
The graft-versus-host reaction (GVHR) in both mice and humans can lead to the development of a broad spectrum of clinical and pathological symptoms. These symptoms are strikingly similar to those of a number of diseases of proven or presumed immunological origin, such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), other collagen vascular diseases,(More)
This article reviews results obtained with popliteal lymph node assays (PLNAs) in rodents and discusses their ability to detect and analyze immunotoxic effects of drugs and other low molecular weight (LMW) chemicals. In its basic form, the PLNA measures activation of the draining lymph node of the hind paw (i.e., the PLN) after injection of a test chemical(More)
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) binds and activates the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (Ah-R), an endogenous transcription factor that is expressed in the thymus. TCDD exposure leads, among other effects, to thymus atrophy and immunosuppression. We previously analyzed the interference of TCDD with differentiation processes in fetal thymus organ(More)
HgCl2 induces a CD4+ T-cell-dependent systemic autoimmune disease in susceptible strains of rats and mice. In rats, autoreactive T cells were shown to be involved, whereas in mice, attention has focussed on the demonstration of 'Hg-specific' T cells. To clarify these seemingly different T cell involvements, T cells from B10.S mice treated with HgCl2 for 1(More)
HgCl2 treatment of B10.S mice induces IgG autoantibodies to fibrillarin, a component of small nuclear ribonucleoprotein particles, and histone. Here, we demonstrate the activation by HgCl2 of autoreactive T cells specific for these nuclear proteins. Of nine CD4+ T cell hybridoma clones obtained from HgCl2-treated B10.S mice, one clone reacted to histone Hl(More)