Ernst Buerki

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Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is a gastrointestinal hormone that potentiates glucose-induced insulin secretion by pancreatic beta cells. The mechanisms of interaction between GLP-1 and glucose signaling pathways are not well understood. Here we studied the coupling of the cloned GLP-1 receptor, expressed in fibroblasts or in COS cells, to intracellular(More)
The development of atherosclerosis is thought to be initiated by a dysfunctional state of the vascular endothelium. The proposal that mechanical forces play a role in the localization of this disease has led researchers to develop in vitro models to assess their effects on cultured endothelial cells. The arterial endothelium is exposed simultaneously to(More)
Comparison of electrophoretic globin phenotypes of 18 different Xenopus taxa reveals four different basic types of banding patterns. Each type includes species that also are similar in their morphological, cytogenetical, and biochemical characteristics. Three of these patterns reflect distinct evolutionary lines, while the fourth may be interpreted as the(More)
BACKGROUND Several conversion tables and formulas have been suggested to correct applanation intraocular pressure (IOP) for central corneal thickness (CCT). CCT is also thought to represent an independent glaucoma risk factor. In an attempt to integrate IOP and CCT into a unified risk factor and avoid uncertain correction for tonometric inaccuracy, a new(More)
  • Ernst Buerki
  • Klinische Monatsblätter für Augenheilkunde
  • 1981
Forty-nine patients with acute optic neuritis (in 21 cases associated with MS) and 26 patients known to have MS but with no history of optic nerve disease underwent visual evoked potential, contrast sensitivity and color vision tests. In patients with optic neuritis the contrast sensitivity was shown to detect optic nerve lesions better than the VEP an(More)
The proposal of the role of mechanical forces as a localizing factor of atherosclerosis has led many researchers to investigate their effects on vascular endothelial cells. Most previous efforts have concentrated on either the fluid shear stress, which results from the flow of blood, or the circumferential “hoop” stretch, which results from the expansion of(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) regulates neurotransmitter release through activation of the Y2 receptor subtype. We have recently characterized a human glioblastoma cell line, LN319, that expresses exclusively NPY Y2 receptors and have demonstrated that NPY triggers transient decreases in cAMP and increases in intracellular calcium responses. The present study was(More)
1. In some tissues, a decrease in the number of cell surface receptors and alterations of the receptor coupling have been proposed as possible mechanisms mediating the deleterious effects of bacterial endotoxin in septic shock. 2. The effects of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (Escherichia coli 0111-B4; LPS) on vascular angiotensin II and vasopressin receptors(More)
  • Ernst Buerki
  • Klinische Monatsblätter für Augenheilkunde
  • 1981
The ocular findings are described in nine patients with Charcot-Marie-Tooth muscular atrophy, who were also classified as suffering from Type I hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy on the basis of genetic, clinical and electromyographic studies. Although only three patients admitted to visual symptoms and all nine patients had full vision in both eyes,(More)