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IL-8 and related Glu-Leu-Arg (ELR+) CXC chemokines are potent chemoattractants for neutrophils but not for monocytes. IL-13 and IL-4 strongly increased CXCR1 and CXCR2 chemokine receptor expression in human monocytes, macrophages, and dendritic cells. The effect was receptor- and cell type-selective, in that CCRs were not increased and no augmentation was(More)
Platelet factor 4 (PF4; CXCL4) is an abundant platelet alpha-granule CXC chemokine with unique functions. Although lacking a chemotactic activity, PF4 initiates a signal transduction cascade in human monocytes leading to the induction of a broad spectrum of acute and delayed functions including phagocytosis, respiratory burst, survival, and the secretion of(More)
Microarray--assisted gene--expression screens of human macrophages revealed WNT5A, a homolog of Wingless, a key regulator of Drosophila melanogaster embryonic segmentation and patterning, to be consistently up-regulated following stimulation with different mycobacterial species and conserved bacterial structures. The expression of WNT5A required Toll-like(More)
Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV/CD26) is a costimulatory molecule as well as a protease highly expressed on T cells. Purified DPP IV has been recognized to inactivate peptide hormones, neuropeptides, and some chemokines by cleavage behind a proline residue at the penultimate N-terminal amino acid position. Here, we identified another substrate for DPP IV(More)
The G protein-coupled CXC-chemokine receptor CXCR-2 mediates activation of neutrophil effector functions in response to multiple ligands, including IL-8 and neutrophil-activating peptide 2 (NAP-2). Although CXCR-2 has been successfully cloned and expressed in several cell lines, the molecular properties of the native neutrophil-expressed receptor have(More)
Undoubtedly, platelets are key elements in the regulation of thrombosis and haemostasis. Along with their primary task to prevent blood loss from injured vessels, platelets have emerged as regulators of a variety of processes in the vasculature. Multiple challenges, from the contact and adhesion to subendothelial matrix after injury of the vessel wall, to(More)
  • Jens Fleischer, Evelin Grage-Griebenow, +5 authors Frank Petersen
  • 2002
Platelet factor 4 (PF-4), a platelet-derived CXC chemokine, has been shown to induce the differentiation of monocytes into a subset of macrophages that lack the expression of HLA-DR Ag. This suggests a potential role for PF-4 in the modulation of monocyte-dependent T cell activation. Using an Ag-specific stimulation model in which T cells were cocultured(More)
Among the various chemokines that are functionally active on neutrophils, platelet factor 4 (PF-4; CXCL4) appears to have a specialized role. Lacking typical chemokine activities, PF-4 stimulates neutrophils to undergo firm adhesion to endothelial cells and, in the presence of an appropriate costimulus like tumor necrosis factor (TNF), PF-4 induces(More)
In this study, we have examined the major platelet-derived CXC chemokines connective tissue-activating peptide III (CTAP-III), its truncation product neutrophil-activating peptide 2 (CXC chemokine ligand 7 (CXCL7)), as well as the structurally related platelet factor 4 (CXCL4) for their impact on neutrophil adhesion to and transmigration through(More)
Recent in vitro studies have suggested a role for sialylation in chemokine receptor binding to its ligand (Bannert, N., S. Craig, M. Farzan, D. Sogah, N.V. Santo, H. Choe, and J. Sodroski. 2001. J. Exp. Med. 194:1661-1673). This prompted us to investigate chemokine-induced leukocyte adhesion in inflamed cremaster muscle venules of alpha2,3 sialyltransferase(More)