Ernst Blum

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A library of trisubstituted oxazoles, thiazoles, imidazoles (1,2,4- and 2,4,5-substituted) and imidazo[1,2-b]pyridines was prepared and evaluated in vitro as p38alpha inhibitors and in vivo in several models of rheumatoid arthritis. Four structures--32, 37, 45 and 59--were identified as potent inhibitors of p38alpha with high efficacy in the LPS induced(More)
We have characterized a family of related restriction-modification (R-M) systems from the soil bacterium Herpetosiphon giganteus (Hgi). A comparison of their genetic organization reveals two types of regulatory proteins, called controlling ORF C. While one of these small reading frames derived from RM.HgiCI seems to be an enhancer of its own promoter,(More)
Taxol, a microtubule-binding diterpene, mimics many effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on mouse macrophages. The LPS-mimetic effects of taxol appear to be under the same genetic control as responses to LPS itself. Thus we have postulated a role for microtubule-associated proteins (MAP) in the response of macrophages to LPS. Stimulation of macrophages by(More)
The genetic structure and evolution of a novel exchangeable meningococcal genomic island was defined for the important human pathogen Neisseria meningitidis. In 125 meningococcal strains tested, one of three unrelated nucleotide sequences, designated exl (exchangeable locus), was found between a gene required for heme utilization, hemO, and col, encoding a(More)
Benzoylpyridines and benzophenones were synthesized and evaluated in vitro as p38alpha inhibitors and in vivo in several models of rheumatoid arthritis. Oral activity was found to depend upon substitution: 1,1-dimethylpropynylamine substituted benzophenone 10b (IC50: 14 nM) and pyridinoyl substituted benzimidazole 17b (IC50: 21 nM) showed highest efficacy(More)
The polymerase chain reaction was used to produce His6 fusion proteins via deletion of an intervening piece of DNA. The generally applicable method was performed using a standard primer with the advantage that the fusion does not produce additional amino acids. In a single-step purification highly purified, enzymatically active restriction endonuclease was(More)