Ernesto Sanz

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Cardiogoniometry is a new method to test heart function. It consists of a simple computerized vectorcardiography with a system of leads derived for the construction of three orthogonal projections. With the aid of these three-dimensional projections the cardiogoniometer, a microprocessor system, measures and computes the maximal vectors of depolarization(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine the rate of progression of midventricular obstruction in adolescents and adults with double-chambered right ventricle. METHODS Clinical and echocardiographic findings in 45 patients (mean age 26 +/- 6 years, range 15-44) diagnosed with double-chambered right ventricle were retrospectively analyzed.(More)
Cardiogoniometry is a new vectorcardiographic method. The vector-loops are constructed from three orthogonal ECG leads and registered on-line by a microprocessor. The angle between the maximal QRS and T vectors, as well as the spatial orientation of these vectors are very constant in healthy individuals. Deviations of these vectors and angles are sensitive(More)
INTRODUCTION Surgical closure of an atrial septal defect (ASD) before the age of 25 years has been demonstrated to reduce complications during adulthood. However, the outcome for patients operated after the age of 25 is still debated. METHODS In a retrospective study we examined the outcome of early and late surgical repair of ASD in adults, as compared(More)
BACKGROUND The availability of generated cartilage de novo is one of the needs of reconstructive surgery. In this study, the authors constructed a matrix formed by autologous immobilized chondrocytes using collagen gel as a scaffold. Furthermore, the ability of these matrices to engraft and generate new cartilage was examined. METHODS Biopsy specimens of(More)
BACKGROUND The usefulness of cardiovascular disease (CVD) predictive equations in different populations is debatable. We assessed the efficacy of the Framingham-REGICOR scale, validated for the Spanish population, to identify future CVD in participants, who were predefined as being at high-risk in the PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea (PREDIMED) study-a(More)
We describe a patient with a diagnosis of heterotaxia and independent drainage of the suprahepatic veins into the venous atrium who underwent total extracardiac cavopulmonary connection in which hepatic vein drainage remained directly into the atrium. In the immediate postoperative period she showed increasing cyanosis that suggested substantial(More)
I Selsin BI.. Systemic effects of topical ophthalmic medications. South MedJ7 1983;76:349-58. 2 Hayes LP, Stewart CJ, Kim I, Mohr JA. Timolol side effects and inadvertent overdosing. JAmGeiatr Soc 1989;37:261-2. 3 Pringle SD, MacEwen CJ. Severe bradvcardia due to interaction of timolol eyedrops and verapamil. BrMedJ 1987;294:155-6. 4 Falbe WJ, Boyd DL.(More)