Ernesto R. Odriozola

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In the current study, mycotoxicoses of ruminants and horses are reviewed, with an emphasis on the occurrence of these diseases in South America. The main mycotoxicoses observed in grazing cattle include intoxications by indole-diterpenoid mycotoxins (Paspalum spp. contaminated by Claviceps paspali, Lolium perenne infected by Neotyphodium lolii, Cynodon(More)
From 2003 through 2007, serum samples from 5594 dairy and beef heifers and cows in Argentina were assessed to quantify the association between presence of Neospora caninum antibodies and history of abortion, type of exploitation, and age category of animals. Animals with a history of abortion were 85% more likely (P<0.01) to be positive to N. caninum than(More)
Necropsies were performed on 354 fetuses from dairy and beef herds submitted from 1994 to 2000 to the diagnostic laboratories at Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Balcarce, Argentina. Samples from the fetuses were examined for pathogenic organisms and processed for microscopic examination. An aetiological diagnosis was made for 161 (45.5%) of(More)
CASE HISTORY This report describes an outbreak of high mortality of heifers after they consumed harvested maize fields parasitised with the fungus Diplodia maydis. CLINICAL FINDINGS Clinical signs observed were generalised muscle tremors, incoordination, ataxic hindquarters, paralysis and death. The morbidity of the outbreak was 27/500 (5.4 %) and(More)
In order to demonstrate the association of bovine herpesvirus type 5 (BHV-5) and cerebrocortical necrosis (CCN), 89 such cases were examined in cattle from three regions of Buenos Aires Province, Argentina, registered between 1970-1999. Hematoxylin-eosin staining and BHV-5 in situ hybridization were performed on paraffin-embedded neural tissues. The(More)
The aim of the present work was to evaluate the role of Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii infections in spontaneous bovine abortions in Argentina. Based on histopathological results, 70 presumptive cases of apicomplexan protozoal abortion from a total of 666 cases of spontaneous bovine abortion submitted to the National Institute of Agrarian(More)
Vicia villosa (hairy vetch) is used as a forage source in some cattle-producing areas in Argentina. The plant had no previous reports of toxicity in this country. A herd of 33 Aberdeen Angus bulls grazed during 20 days in October on a pasture composed mainly of hairy vetch. Eight animals developed conjunctivitis, rinitis, dermatitis, loss of hair and fever.(More)
The objective of the present work is the description outbreaks caused by bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) in commercial beef cattle ranches in Argentina. Genetic affiliation and their association with the clinical manifestation were carried out with five BVDV isolates from an outbreak of mucosal disease (MD) (Outbreak #1), acute enteritis (Outbreaks #2(More)
In the present work, evidence of Listeria monocytogenes antigens based on the avidin-biotin complex (ABC) immunoperoxidase technique was performed on formalin-fixed central nervous system tissues (CNS) from a total of 23 natural cases of encephalitis (four ovine and 19 bovine). Listeria monocytogenes serotype 4 was isolated from 10 of 17 cultured specimens.(More)
A retrospective study was performed on 169 beef and dairy calves aged from 1 to 7 days old submitted to the Diagnostic Laboratories at INTA Balcarce, Argentina. Bacterial culture was performed for aerobic and microaerophilic organisms. Samples from spleen and lymph nodes, and peripheral blood mononuclear cells were also cultured for viral isolation on cell(More)