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Genetic factors are believed to play a role in the individual susceptibility to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Tumour necrosis factor (TNF) family genes have been widely investigated but inconsistent results may lie either in the genetic heterogeneity of populations or in the poor phenotype definition. A genetic study was performed using a(More)
Radiofrequency thermal ablation (RFTA) is a local tumor-destructing technique that can potentially modulate the host immune response through mechanisms that are not clearly defined. We assessed whether RFTA could affect multiple systemic inflammatory and immunological parameters, including CD25+Foxp+ cells, in patients with primary or metastatic lung(More)
Caveolae are non-clathrin invaginations of the plasma membrane in most cell types; they are involved in signalling functions and molecule trafficking, thus modulating several biological functions, including cell growth, apoptosis and angiogenesis. The major structural protein in caveolae is caveolin-1, which is known to act as a key regulator in cancer(More)
Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma (MPM) is an aggressive tumor arising from mesothelial cells lining the pleural cavities characterized by resistance to standard therapies. Most of the molecular steps responsible for pleural transformation remain unclear; however, several growth factor signaling cascades are known to be altered during MPM onset and(More)
Prevalence and phenotype of subjects carrying rare variants in the Italian registry for alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency I Ferrarotti, J Baccheschi, M Zorzetto, C Tinelli, L Corda, B Balbi, I Campo, E Pozzi, G Faa, P Coni, G Massi, G Stella, M Luisetti . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment guidelines recommend the regular use of inhaled corticosteroids for patients with mild persistent asthma. We investigated whether the symptom-driven use of a combination of beclomethasone dipropionate and albuterol (also known as salbutamol) in a single inhaler would be as effective as the regular use of inhaled beclomethasone and(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic, fibrotic disorder underlain by aberrant wound healing of repeated lung injury. Environmental triggers and genetic background are likely to act as modifiers of the fibrotic response. Erythrocyte complement receptor 1 is a membrane protein mediating the transport of immune complexes to phagocytes. Three gene(More)
BACKGROUND The subset of CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells, recently identified in humans, may play a central role in the regulation of immune tolerance to graft survival. METHODS This study assesses the frequency and functional profile of CD4+CD25+CD69- cells in the peripheral blood of lung transplant recipients (>3 years from transplantation), 10 of whom(More)
Knowledge of tumor mutational status has become a priority for effective NSCLC-tailored treatment. NSCLC diagnosis is more often reached through biopsy; thus, there is a clear need to implement for routine tumor molecular profiling on small cytological samples. This work aims to screen and compare the EGFR and KRAS mutational prevalence in fresh tumor cells(More)