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BACKGROUND Hyperhomocysteinaemia is a factor related to the development of atherosclerosis in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, Hispanics with RA develop high rates of coronary disease; there are no studies about the frequency and factors related to high levels of homocysteine in Mexican patients. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the prevalence and characteristics(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate serum leptin levels in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Forty-one women with SLE were compared with 23 healthy women of similar age and body mass index (BMI). Clinical characteristics and Mexican systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index (Mex-SLEDAI) score were assessed. Serum leptin levels (ng/dl) were(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the prevalence and severity of autonomic dysfunction (AD) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS Fifty-nine consecutive patients with SLE and 97 healthy controls were assessed for AD using 4 noninvasive tests: heart rate responses to the Valsalva maneuver (Val), maximum-minimum heart rate (MM) response to deep(More)
BACKGROUND We sought to determine the association between influenza vaccination and major adverse vascular events because the association remains uncertain. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 31 546 participants were enrolled from 40 countries. Eligibility included age ≥55 years and known vascular disease. The primary outcome was a composite of death(More)
Determination of anti-citrullinated peptide antibodies (ACPA) plays a relevant role in the diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). To date, it is still unclear if the use of several tests for these autoantibodies in the same patient offers additional value as compared to performing only one test. Therefore, we evaluated the performance of using two assays(More)
Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) lesions are a phenomenon that occurs in multiple pathological states and results in a series of events that end in irreparable damage that severely affects the recovery and health of patients. The principal therapeutic approaches include preconditioning, postconditioning, and remote ischemic preconditioning, which when used(More)
The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of intravenous cyclophosphamide (IVCYC) versus oral enalapril in mild or moderate pulmonary hypertension (PH) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Thirty-four patients with SLE who had systolic pulmonary artery pressure (SPAP) > 30 mmHg by Doppler echocardiography were randomized to receive IVCYC (0.5(More)
Around 25% of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) could be refractory to conventional therapies. P-glycoprotein expression on cell surface has been implied on drug resistance, however, to date, it is unknown if P-gp serum levels are associated with SLE disease activity. Evaluate the association of serum P-gp levels and SLE with disease activity(More)
We evaluated the association between anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies (anti-CCP) and anti-mutated citrullinated vimentin antibodies (anti-MCV) with the presence of extra-articular (ExRA) manifestations in 225 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Ninety-five patients had ExRA and 130 had no ExRA. There was no association of anti-CCP and(More)
BACKGROUND Angiotensin-receptor blockers (ARBs) blunt progression of advanced diabetic nephropathy, but their long-term renal effects in other patients are not clear. OBJECTIVE To examine the long-term renal effects of telmisartan versus placebo in adults at high vascular risk. DESIGN Randomized trial. Patients were randomly assigned by a central(More)