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BACKGROUND Because of their universal use by medical professionals, stethoscopes can be a source of nosocomial infections. OBJECTIVE To determine the frequency of contamination of stethoscopes with bacteria and fungi. METHODS Cultures were obtained from 200 stethoscopes from four area hospitals and outpatient clinics in Houston, Tex. The frequency of(More)
A case of primary lymphoma of the liver in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is presented. Persistent fever, tender hepatomegaly, and mildly abnormal liver function tests combined with an elevated lactate dehydrogenase level gave the clue for the diagnosis. High-grade, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of B-cell phenotype was demonstrated by(More)
To examine the epidemiological spectrum of human listeriosis at a large municipal hospital in Miami, we reviewed the cases of Listeria monocytogenes infection seen at the University of Miami Medical Center over a nine-year period (1986-94). Twenty-four patients (13 adults, 11 neonates) with bacteriologically proven Listeria monocytogenes infections were(More)
AIDS-related primary central nervous system lymphoma (AIDS PCNSL) is a rapidly fatal disease. Conventional therapeutic modalities offer little and new approaches are needed. Previous work has shown that zidovudine (AZT) in combination with other agents is active in retroviral lymphomas. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is detected in tumor tissue and cerebrospinal(More)
Fungus balls have rarely been implicated as a cause of urinary tract obstruction. Approximately 50 cases of fungus balls of the urinary tract have been reported previously; the majority of cases were characterized by unilateral ureteral involvement or bladder involvement, and Candida albicans has been the organism most frequently isolated. We report, to our(More)
BACKGROUND The American Thoracic Society and Infectious Diseases Society of America provide guidelines for management of hospital-acquired, ventilator-associated, and health-care-associated pneumonias, consisting of empirical antibiotic regimens for patients at risk for multidrug-resistant pathogens. We aimed to improve compliance with these guidelines and(More)
BACKGROUND The 2005 guidelines from the American Thoracic Society and the Infectious Diseases Society of America recommend vancomycin trough levels of 15 to 20 mg/L for the therapy of hospital-acquired (HAP), ventilator-associated (VAP), and health care-associated (HCAP) pneumonia. OBJECTIVE The goal of this article was to report the incidence of(More)
INTRODUCTION Controversy exists regarding optimal treatment for ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The primary objective of this study was to compare clinical success of linezolid versus vancomycin for the treatment of patients with MRSA VAP. METHODS This was a multicenter, retrospective,(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe a nosocomial outbreak caused by multiresistant Acinetobacter baumannii. DESIGN Descriptive and case-control study. Antibiotic susceptibilities and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) of genomic DNA digested with SfiI and also with ApaI were used as markers of strain identity. SETTING A large medical school-affiliated hospital(More)