Learn More
BACKGROUND Because of their universal use by medical professionals, stethoscopes can be a source of nosocomial infections. OBJECTIVE To determine the frequency of contamination of stethoscopes with bacteria and fungi. METHODS Cultures were obtained from 200 stethoscopes from four area hospitals and outpatient clinics in Houston, Tex. The frequency of(More)
BACKGROUND The 2005 guidelines from the American Thoracic Society and the Infectious Diseases Society of America recommend vancomycin trough levels of 15 to 20 mg/L for the therapy of hospital-acquired (HAP), ventilator-associated (VAP), and health care-associated (HCAP) pneumonia. OBJECTIVE The goal of this article was to report the incidence of(More)
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a major cause of nosocomial pneumonia. To characterize pathogen-derived and host-related factors in intensive care unit (ICU) patients with MRSA pneumonia, we evaluated the Improving Medicine through Pathway Assessment of Critical Therapy in Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia (IMPACT-HAP) database. We performed(More)
BACKGROUND The American Thoracic Society and Infectious Diseases Society of America provide guidelines for management of hospital-acquired, ventilator-associated, and health-care-associated pneumonias, consisting of empirical antibiotic regimens for patients at risk for multidrug-resistant pathogens. We aimed to improve compliance with these guidelines and(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe a nosocomial outbreak caused by multiresistant Acinetobacter baumannii. DESIGN Descriptive and case-control study. Antibiotic susceptibilities and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) of genomic DNA digested with SfiI and also with ApaI were used as markers of strain identity. SETTING A large medical school-affiliated hospital(More)
INTRODUCTION Controversy exists regarding optimal treatment for ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The primary objective of this study was to compare clinical success of linezolid versus vancomycin for the treatment of patients with MRSA VAP. METHODS This was a multicenter, retrospective,(More)
To examine the epidemiological spectrum of human listeriosis at a large municipal hospital in Miami, we reviewed the cases of Listeria monocytogenes infection seen at the University of Miami Medical Center over a nine-year period (1986-94). Twenty-four patients (13 adults, 11 neonates) with bacteriologically proven Listeria monocytogenes infections were(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) infected with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains carrying the Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) gene have severe clinical presentation and poor clinical outcomes. Antibiotics that suppress toxin production have been suggested for the management of these patients. The(More)
A randomized, double-blind, multicenter study of indinavir, zidovudine, and lamivudine was conducted in 320 adults with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection, </=50 CD4 cells/mm3, and extensive prior zidovudine therapy. Patients received indinavir, 800 mg every 8 h; zidovudine, 200 mg every 8 h, and lamivudine, 150 mg twice daily; or all 3(More)