Ernesto Casciaro

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Effective prevention and management of osteoporosis would require suitable methods for population screenings and early diagnosis. Current clinically-available diagnostic methods are mainly based on the use of either X-rays or ultrasound (US). All X-ray based methods provide a measure of bone mineral density (BMD), but it has been demonstrated that other(More)
Labor progression is routinely assessed through transvaginal digital inspections, meaning that the clinical decisions taken during the most delicate phase of pregnancy are subjective and scarcely supported by technological devices. In response to such inadequacies, we combined intrapartum echographic acquisitions with advanced tracking algorithms in a new(More)
Aim of the present work was, first, to demonstrate feasibility and usefulness of subharmonic imaging of silica nanospheres (SiNSs) at diagnostic ultrasound (US) frequencies and, second, to investigate the acoustic effectiveness of a new class of multimodal nanocomposite contrast agents, towards dual mode investigations combining US and magnetic resonance(More)
Nowadays the decision between Caesarean Sections (CS), natural or operative child delivery is taken upon interpretation of manually measured anatomical parameters and recorded fetal heart rate, exposing the clinical staff and patients to human errors and determining the continuously rising rate of CS above the ideal 15% recommended by the World Health(More)
Fetal malformations are very frequent in industrialized countries. Although advanced maternal age may affect pregnancy outcome adversely, 80%-90% of fetal malformations occur in the absence of a specific risk factor for parents. The only effective approach for prenatal screening is currently represented by an ultrasound scan. However, ultrasound methods(More)
Tissue mimicking phantoms have been widely reported to be an important tool for development, optimisation and performance testing of ultrasound-based diagnostic techniques. In particular, modern applications of tissue mimicking phantoms often include characterisation of the nonlinear behaviour of experimental ultrasound contrast agents. In such cases, the(More)
Prototypal software algorithms for advanced spectral analysis of echographic images were developed to perform automatic detection of simulated tumor masses at two different pathological stages. Previously published works documented the possibility of characterizing macroscopic variation of mechanical properties of tissues through elastographic techniques,(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the diagnostic performance of gold nanorod (GNR)-enhanced optoacoustic imaging employing a conventional echographic device and to determine the most effective operative configuration in order to assure optoacoustic effectiveness, nanoparticle stability, and imaging procedure safety. METHODS The most suitable laser parameters were(More)
Osteoporosis is a silent disease without any evidence of disease until a fracture occurs. Approximately 200 million people in the world are affected by osteoporosis and 8.9 million fractures occur each year worldwide. Fractures of the hip are a major public health burden, by means of both social cost and health condition of the elderly because these(More)
We investigated the possible clinical feasibility and accuracy of an innovative ultrasound (US) method for diagnosis of osteoporosis of the spine. A total of 342 female patients (aged 51-60 y) underwent spinal dual X-ray absorptiometry and abdominal echographic scanning of the lumbar spine. Recruited patients were subdivided into a reference database used(More)