Ernestina Bianchi

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With the improvements in treatment accuracy the risk exists of over-reliance on the capability of the physician to estimate the extent of the tumour. We assessed the variability between six radiotherapists in defining the planning target volume (PTV) on CT slices for three prostate tumour cases. Percentage differences between measured volumes and mean(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Irradiation of the Pharyngeal Superior Constrictor Muscle (PSCM) seems to play a crucial role in radiation-related swallowing dysfunctions. Purpose of our study was to quantify operator-related variability in the contouring of PSCM on Computed Tomography (CT) scans and adherence with contours derived from MR images. MATERIALS AND(More)
OBJECTIVE A prospective, single-arm phase-I/II trial performed to assess the efficacy and toxicity of the concomitant use continuous infusion of low-dose carboplatin and pelvic conventional radiotherapy in patients with locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix. MATERIALS AND METHODS Between January and July 1994, a total of 12 patients(More)
Delineation of target volumes is increasingly recognized as the most crucial step within the process of modern conformal radiotherapy. In the field of head and neck radiation oncology, the need for a standardized methodology in the delineation of nodal regions of the neck on computed tomography (CT) images has recently emerged. To address this issue, a(More)
AIMS AND BACKGROUND Our previous survey showed that the patterns of postoperative radiotherapy (PORT) for head and neck cancer (HNC) in Italy might be suboptimal. A prospective observational study was therefore designed to evaluate this issue in greater detail. METHODS All radiotherapy centers involved in the HNC Working Group of the Italian Radiation(More)
AIMS AND BACKGROUND Informing cancer patients is an ethical, legal and deontological aspect of patient management. Patients need clear instructions in order to be able to accept or refuse medical procedures. Many reports in the literature have shown differences among physicians in informing cancer patients. The aim of this study was to assess patients'(More)
AIMS AND BACKGROUND Rectal cancer can be considered a broad-spectrum disease, where the surgeon, radiation oncologist and medical oncologist have a peculiar and specific place in order to work harmoniously as a good orchestra. The reality in common general hospitals is far from that of comprehensive cancer centers, particularly for postoperative approaches.(More)
AIMS In 2013, a survey was conducted to analyze the available resources and their use in the radiation treatment of patients with malignancies of the head and neck region in Lombardy, on behalf of the Lombardy group of the Italian Association of Radiation Oncology. METHODS A questionnaire was sent to 26 of 34 radiotherapy centers active in the region. Two(More)