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Cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) induces an acute phase reaction that has been implicated in the pathogenesis of several postoperative complications. Recent data indicate that a complex sequence of events leads to the final activation of leukocytes and endothelial cells (EC), which is responsible for cell dysfunction in different organs.(More)
It is not clear whether spinal degeneration leads to hip arthritis, or hip arthritis leads to spinal degeneration. We conducted a study to determine which degenerative process precedes the other. We examined 340 cadaveric human specimens from the Hamann-Todd Osteological Collection (Cleveland, Ohio). Lumbar endplate degeneration was graded on a scale of 0(More)
OBJECTIVE Since 1990, over 1.2 million bioprosthetic valves were implanted for aortic stenosis. Given the risk of structural valve deterioration, the need to redo AVR will likely rise. Recently, SAPIEN valve-in-valve (ViV) has been advocated. We evaluated the in vitro hydrodynamic performance of the Edwards SAPIEN+cloth trans-catheter heart valve (THV)(More)
Clinically, the current transcatheter aortic valve (TAV) technology has shown a propensity for paravalvular leakage; studies have correlated this flaw to increased calcification at the implantation site and with nonideal geometry of the stented valve. The present study evaluated the hydrodynamics of different geometric configurations, in particular the(More)
Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) bone cement serves as the primary fixation material between bone and the prosthetic component in cemented total hip arthroplasty. In vivo degradation of bone cement may lead to a decrease in mechanical properties of PMMA and result in aseptic loosening. However, other factors such as porosity and location of the cement relative(More)
BACKGROUND The contralateral femur frequently is used for preoperative templating for THA or hemiarthroplasty when the proximal femur is deformed by degenerative changes or fracture. Although femoral symmetry is assumed in these situations, it is unclear to what degree the contralateral femur is symmetrical. QUESTIONS/PURPOSE We therefore defined the(More)
OBJECT Congenital cervical and lumbar stenosis occurs when the bony anatomy of the spinal canal is smaller than expected, predisposing an individual to symptomatic neural compression. While tandem stenosis is known to occur in 5%-25% of individuals, it is not known whether this relationship is due to an increased risk of degenerative disease in these(More)
PURPOSE Congenital cervical stenosis (CCS) occurs when the bony anatomy of the cervical canal is smaller than expected in the general population predisposing an individual to symptomatic neural compression. No studies have defined CCS based on the normal population. The diagnosis is currently made based on clinical impression from radiographic studies. The(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT The use of oral anticoagulation therapy such as warfarin is projected to increase significantly as the population ages and the prevalence of cardiovascular disease increases. Current recommendations state that warfarin be discontinued before surgery and the international normalized ratio (INR) normalized. PURPOSE To determine if(More)
BACKGROUND Noninvasive hemoglobin (nHgb) monitoring was initially introduced in the intensive care setting as a means of rapidly assessing Hgb values without performing a blood draw. We conducted a prospective analysis to compare reliability, cost, and patient preference between nHgb monitoring and invasive Hgb (iHgb) monitoring performed via a traditional(More)