Ernest T Parker

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The diversity of factor VIII (fVIII) C2 domain antibody epitopes was investigated by competition enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using a panel of 56 antibodies. The overlap patterns produced 5 groups of monoclonal antibodies (MAbs), designated A, AB, B, BC, and C, and yielded a set of 18 distinct epitopes. Group-specific loss of antigenicity was(More)
Hemophilia A is the inherited bleeding disorder that results from mutation of blood coagulation factor VIII (fVIII). Described here is the generation of a regulated expression system producing recombinant murine fVIII. Murine B-domainless fVIII was expressed at a peak level of 4 units/106 cells/24 h in serum-free media. Subsequently, a two-step purification(More)
Recombinant human factor VIII expression levels, in vitro and in vivo, are significantly lower than levels obtained for other recombinant coagulation proteins. Here we describe the generation, high level expression and characterization of a recombinant B-domain-deleted porcine factor VIII molecule. Recombinant B-domain-deleted porcine factor VIII expression(More)
Tissue factor (TF) is aberrantly expressed on tumor vascular endothelial cells (VECs) and on cancer cells in many malignant tumors, but not on normal VECs, making it a promising target for cancer therapy. As a transmembrane receptor for coagulation factor VIIa (fVIIa), TF forms a high-affinity complex with its cognate ligand, which is subsequently(More)
The effect has been examined of various host treatments (C. parvum injection, immunization, thoracic irradiation, cyclophosphamide injection, and anticoagulation) on both lung colony formation and clearance of radioactive cells from the lungs after i.v. injection of tumour cells. Two tumour-host models have been used: the non-immunogenic KHT tumour in(More)
The effect of heparin and other glycosaminoglycans on the activation of factor X by the phospholipid membrane-bound human factor IXa-factor VIIIa complex (intrinsic fXase) was studied. Standard heparin inhibited purified intrinsic fXase by 50% at approximately 0.08 unit/ml (0.4 microgram/ml), which is below the normal range of heparin concentrations(More)
A point mutation leading to amino acid substitution N1922S in the A3 domain of factor VIII (fVIII) results in moderate to severe hemophilia A. A heterologous expression system comparing N1922S-fVIII and wild-type fVIII (wt-fVIII) demonstrated similar specific coagulant activities but poor secretion of N1922S-fVIII. Immunocytochemical analysis revealed that(More)
Factor VIII (FVIII) is a multidomain blood plasma glycoprotein. Activated FVIII acts as a cofactor to the serine protease factor IXa within the membrane-bound tenase complex assembled on the activated platelet surface. Defect or deficiency in FVIII causes haemophilia A, a severe hereditary bleeding disorder. Intravenous administration of plasma-derived(More)
The activation of factor X by factor IXa (fIXa) in the presence of phosphatidylcholine-phosphatidylserine (PCPS) vesicles is markedly accelerated by thrombin-activated factor VIII (fVIIIa). The interaction between highly purified fVIIIa and fIXa in this complex was studied fluorometrically at 25 degrees C by using a derivative of(More)
Human inhibitory alloantibodies and autoantibodies to Factor VIII (FVIII) are usually directed toward the A2 and/or C2 domains of the FVIII molecule. Anti-C2 antibodies block the binding of FVIII to phospholipid, but the mechanism of action of anti-A2 antibodies is not known. We investigated the properties of a patient autoantibody, RC, and a monoclonal(More)