Ernest S. Kawasaki

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BACKGROUND Reproducibility is a fundamental requirement in scientific experiments. Some recent publications have claimed that microarrays are unreliable because lists of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) are not reproducible in similar experiments. Meanwhile, new statistical methods for identifying DEGs continue to appear in the scientific literature.(More)
Standard controls and best practice guidelines advance acceptance of data from research, preclinical and clinical laboratories by providing a means for evaluating data quality. The External RNA Controls Consortium (ERCC) is developing commonly agreed-upon and tested controls for use in expression assays, a true industry-wide standard control.
MOTIVATION Spot intensity serves as a proxy for gene expression in dual-label microarray experiments. Dye bias is defined as an intensity difference between samples labeled with different dyes attributable to the dyes instead of the gene expression in the samples. Dye bias that is not removed by array normalization can introduce bias into comparisons(More)
BACKGROUND Microarrays for the analysis of gene expression are of three different types: short oligonucleotide (25-30 base), long oligonucleotide (50-80 base), and cDNA (highly variable in length). The short oligonucleotide and cDNA arrays have been the mainstay of expression analysis to date, but long oligonucleotide platforms are gaining in popularity and(More)
MOTIVATION For Affymetrix microarray platforms, gene expression is determined by computing the difference in signal intensities between perfect match (PM) and mismatch (MM) probesets. Although the use of PM is not controversial, MM probesets have been associated with variance and ultimately inaccurate gene expression calls. A principal focus of this study(More)
The expression of heterologous mRNA in Xenopus oocytes was quantitatively inhibited by coinjection of single-stranded complementary DNA or synthetic complementary oligonucleotides. The lymphokines Interleukin-2 (IL-2) and Interleukin-3 (IL-3) were used as model systems to test the effectiveness of this procedure. Messenger RNA samples were hybridized to(More)
w The millennium of 2000 has ushered in what could be considered as a new era for research into the molecular biology of humans. In early 2000, two research groups –the International Human Genome Sequencing Consortium and Celera – announced the se-quencing of the entire human genome, comprising >3 billion base-pairs of nucleotides. The results of their(More)
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