Ernest Pascal Noble

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In a blinded experiment, we report the first allelic association of the dopamine D2 receptor gene in alcoholism. From 70 brain samples of alcoholics and nonalcoholics, DNA was digested with restriction endonucleases and probed with a clone that contained the entire 3' coding exon, the polyadenylation signal, and approximately 16.4 kilobases of noncoding 3'(More)
The D2 dopamine receptor (DRD2) has been one of the most extensively investigated gene in neuropsychiatric disorders. After the first association of the TaqI A DRD2 minor (A1) allele with severe alcoholism in 1990, a large number of international studies have followed. A meta-analysis of these studies of Caucasians showed a significantly higher DRD2 A1(More)
Association of alleles at the Taql A, Taql B, intron 6, Taql D, exon 7, exon 8, and promoter-141C sites of the D2 dopamine receptor gene with D2 dopamine receptor binding characteristics in the caudate nucleus of Caucasian alcoholic and nonalcoholic subjects was determined. For the Taql D, exon 7, exon 8, and promoter-141C sites there were no significant(More)
The allelic association of the human D2 dopamine receptor gene with the binding characteristics of the D2 dopamine receptor was determined in 66 brains of alcoholic and non-alcoholic subjects. In a blinded experiment, DNA from the cerebral cortex was treated with the restriction endonuclease Taql and probed with a 1.5-kilobase (kb) digest of a clone (lambda(More)
Previous studies suggest a reduced dopaminergic function in subjects with the A1 (minor) allele of the D2 dopamine receptor (DRD2) gene. To explore influences on visuospatial ability as a function of the DRD2 gene, 182 alcohol- and other drug-naive sons (age 10-14) of active alcoholic, recovered alcoholic, and nonalcoholic fathers were administered a(More)
The objective of the present study was to examine allelic prevalence of the D2 dopamine receptor (DRD2) gene in male cocaine-dependent (CD) Caucasian (non-Hispanic) subjects and to determine the relationship of DRD2 alleles to family history and selected behavioral measures. The prevalence of the A1 allele in CD subjects (n = 53) was 50.9%. It was(More)
Recent studies suggest that genetic and environmental factors do not account for all the schizophrenia risk, and epigenetics also has a role in disease susceptibility. DNA methylation is a heritable epigenetic modification that can regulate gene expression. Genome-wide DNA methylation analysis was performed on post-mortem human brain tissue from 24 patients(More)
The role of the D2 dopamine receptor (DRD2) gene in alcoholism and other substance use disorders has come under intense investigation since the minor TaqI A (A1) allele of the DRD2 gene was first reported to be associated with alcoholism. In a meta-analysis of 15 US and international studies of European (non-Hispanic) Caucasians, consisting of 1015(More)
Event-related potentials were recorded during a visual, continuous performance task from 36 boys before use of alcohol or other drugs began. The boys were sons of 13 recovering alcoholics who themselves had a family history of alcoholism, 11 nonalcoholics with a family history of alcoholism, and 12 nonalcoholics with no family history of alcoholism. Four(More)