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The surface of Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum (T. pallidum), the etiologic agent of syphilis, appears antigenically inert and lacks detectable protein, as judged by immunocytochemical and biochemical techniques commonly used to identify the outer membrane (OM) constituents of gram-negative bacteria. We examined T. pallidum by freeze-fracture electron(More)
A modification of the in vitro immobilization assay together with freeze-fracture analysis was used to determine the factors responsible for the prolonged time required in vitro to achieve killing of Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum. The modified immobilization assay permitted separate determination of the time required for binding of antibody to the(More)
We analyzed the outer membrane (OM) ultrastructure of four pathogenic members of the family Spirochaetaceae by freeze fracture. The OM of Treponema pallidum subsp. pertenue contained a low intramembranous particle concentration, indicating that it contains few OM transmembrane proteins. The concave OM fracture faces of Treponema hyodysenteriae and Borrelia(More)
Iron and its binding proteins have immunoregulatory properties, and shifting of immunoregulatory balances by iron excess or deficiency may produce severe, deleterious physiological effects. Effects of iron overload include decreased antibody-mediated and mitogen-stimulated phagocytosis by monocytes and macrophages, alterations in T-lymphocyte subsets, and(More)
Mercury exists naturally and as a man-made contaminant. The release of processed mercury can lead to a progressive increase in the amount of atmospheric mercury, which enters the atmospheric-soil-water distribution cycles where it can remain in circulation for years. Mercury poisoning is the result of exposure to mercury or mercury compounds resulting in(More)
Rare cases of hemochromatosis have been reported in patients who underwent prolonged oral iron therapy for hemolytic anemia or prolonged self-treatment with iron pills. A proportionately large segment of the South African Bantu tribe, who ingest large quantities of an alcoholic beverage brewed in iron pots, are found to have the disease. Reports of health(More)
Surface components of virulent and attenuated Leptospira interrogans serovar grippotyphosa were compared by using Triton X-114 solubilization and phase partitioning, immunoprecipitation of intact organisms, and freeze-fracture electron microscopy. Removal of the leptospiral outer membrane by using 0.1% Triton X-114 was demonstrated by whole-mount electron(More)
A report linking human polycystic ovary with increased exposure to environmental DDT (Heinrichs et al. 1971) prompted the present study comparing effects of PCB and DDT or their combination on reproduction in female rats under more realistic conditions with respect to level (75 and 150 ppm), route of administration (dietary contaminant), and period of(More)
The effects of the nonionic detergent Triton X-114 on the ultrastructure of Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum are presented in this study. Treatment of Percoll-purified motile T. pallidum with a 1% concentration of Triton X-114 resulted in cell surface blebbing followed by lysis of blebs and a decrease in diameter from 0.25-0.35 micron to 0.1-0.15 micron.(More)
Babesia microti-infected blood was stored at room temperature (approximately 25 C) or refrigerated (4 C) for 30 days. To assess viability of the parasites after storage at these 2 temperatures, a 0.25-ml aliquot was inoculated into each of 2 hamsters in 2 separate experiments at days 3, 7, 10, 14, 17, 21, 25, and 30. Blood films were prepared and examined(More)