Ernest M. Walker

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The effects of the nonionic detergent Triton X-114 on the ultrastructure of Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum are presented in this study. Treatment of Percoll-purified motile T. pallidum with a 1% concentration of Triton X-114 resulted in cell surface blebbing followed by lysis of blebs and a decrease in diameter from 0.25-0.35 micron to 0.1-0.15 micron.(More)
Contiguous arrays of yeast artificial chromosomes (YACs) extending from proximal heterochromatic Yq into the pseudoautosomal portion of the Y chromosome and separated by a small interval at the centromere have been constructed. A total of 97 YACs have been aligned along the Y chromosome by STS content analysis using 222 sequence tagged sites (STSs) that(More)
Surface components of virulent and attenuated Leptospira interrogans serovar grippotyphosa were compared by using Triton X-114 solubilization and phase partitioning, immunoprecipitation of intact organisms, and freeze-fracture electron microscopy. Removal of the leptospiral outer membrane by using 0.1% Triton X-114 was demonstrated by whole-mount electron(More)
To assess knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions about bancroftian filariasis, 104 residents of an endemic area in Haiti were interviewed. Questions focused on 1) whether people understood the relationship between infection and disease, 2) recognition of the role that mosquitoes play in transmission, 3) perceived importance of hydrocele and elephantiasis in(More)
A modification of the in vitro immobilization assay together with freeze-fracture analysis was used to determine the factors responsible for the prolonged time required in vitro to achieve killing of Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum. The modified immobilization assay permitted separate determination of the time required for binding of antibody to the(More)
It is thought that aging in rats and humans is associated with increases in iron accumulation and cell apoptosis. Here, we examine the relationship between cardiac iron levels and apoptosis in aged F344XBN rats that had been treated with an oral iron chelator (Deferasirox; 100 mg/kg body weight) on alternate days for 6 months. Compared to adult animals (6(More)
Iron and its binding proteins have immunoregulatory properties, and shifting of immunoregulatory balances by iron excess or deficiency may produce severe, deleterious physiological effects. Effects of iron overload include decreased antibody-mediated and mitogen-stimulated phagocytosis by monocytes and macrophages, alterations in T-lymphocyte subsets, and(More)
An insoluble complex was synthesized by the reaction of sodium diethyldithiocarbamate trihydrate (DDTC) with CdCl2 X 2.5 H2O (Cd). Elemental analyses of the product yielded a percent composition of each element which was consistent with the postulated structure of two mole equivalents of (DDTC)- and one mole equivalent of Cd++. The DDTC formed a complex(More)
Mercury exists naturally and as a man-made contaminant. The release of processed mercury can lead to a progressive increase in the amount of atmospheric mercury, which enters the atmospheric-soil-water distribution cycles where it can remain in circulation for years. Mercury poisoning is the result of exposure to mercury or mercury compounds resulting in(More)
The surface of Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum (T. pallidum), the etiologic agent of syphilis, appears antigenically inert and lacks detectable protein, as judged by immunocytochemical and biochemical techniques commonly used to identify the outer membrane (OM) constituents of gram-negative bacteria. We examined T. pallidum by freeze-fracture electron(More)