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OBJECTIVE To provide an overview of the mental health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander residents of rural and remote Australia and to identify associated factors. FINDINGS Indigenous Australians have higher rates of serious mental disorders and of mental health problems associated with social disadvantage. This disadvantage is greater for(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe and characterise treated psychotic disorders in the Indigenous populations of Cape York and the Torres Strait. DESIGN Cross-sectional analysis of patients with a psychotic disorder identified by treating psychiatrists. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS Indigenous patients aged≥15 years in Cape York and Torres Strait communities receiving(More)
This paper reviews literature on self-harm and suicide among Indigenous populations in four nations with histories of British colonization, with a more detailed exploration of patterns and primary care considerations in Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations. Issues of definition, under-reporting, lack of reporting, varying coronial(More)
OBJECTIVE While Indigenous Australians are exposed to more risk factors and experience a greater burden and complexity of mental disorder, there is as yet limited capacity to assess this at individual, community or societal levels. This paper explores factors associated with and consequences of inadequate mental health assessment processes. METHOD AND(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this paper is to describe the introduction, trial and termination of a smoke-free policy in an acute mental health unit of a regional hospital, and to consider factors that may contribute to the success of such policies in other settings. METHODS This analysis is based on key informant interviews and review of correspondence related(More)
OBJECTIVES "Creating Futures 2012: PNG" was the largest mental health conference to date in Melanesia. This paper describes the history, purpose and content of this initiative as a means to facilitate capacity building in Papua New Guinea (PNG), increase binational cooperation and develop a regional mental health network. CONCLUSIONS Fifty Australian(More)
OBJECTIVE This paper describes the background to, implementation of and evaluation challenges associated with an innovative, arts-based, wellbeing and mental health recovery project in a remote Indigenous setting. RESULTS Creative Recovery is a community-based arts initiative for Indigenous people with mental health problems. It has been rolled out as a(More)
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander suicide has been an issue of national public health and mental health concern for only one decade, having increased dramatically from levels that were very low in the late 1980s to levels of young adult male suicide that are now substantially higher than for the non-indigenous population. In this review the authors(More)
Predictors of diabetes and diabetes-related hospitalisations were examined in 15-88-year-old Aboriginal Australians (256 women, 258 men), surveyed in 1988-1989. Linkage to death records and hospitalisations to 2002 allowed proportional hazards or negative binomial modelling. Forty-five men (18%) and 59 women (24%) developed diabetes. Risk of diabetes was(More)
OBJECTIVES The use of innovative information technology is now well established in health. However, while the gap in health status between Indigenous and other Australians is both significant and unchanging, there is limited application of these new approaches to addressing this national health priority. This may in part reflect the 'digital divide', which(More)