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The minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of tilmicosin and oxytetracycline was determined for Pasteurella haemolytica isolated from Dutch cattle in 1991. The agar dilution method was used. Of the Pasteurella haemolytica strains examined, 96% (24) had a MIC for tilmicosin of 2 micrograms/ml or lower; in one strain the MIC was 8 micrograms/ml. The MIC for(More)
Results of susceptibility tests of clinical isolates of animal pathogens are periodically summarized and reported by the Animal Health Service. However, these results are based upon qualitative test methods. In the present paper results of quantitative susceptibility tests of twelve antibacterial agents against Mannheimia haemolytica (MHA) and Pasteurella(More)
OBJECTIVE To measure relative sensitivity and relative specificity for use of composite milk samples, compared with that of individual gland milk samples, for diagnosis of Staphylococcus aureus mastitis. ANIMALS 505 cows suspected of having subclinical mastitis. Of these cows, 172 were considered infected with Sta aureus, based on the results from(More)
In this study, the technical performance of culture, two commercially available polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests, rapid plate agglutination (RPA) test, hemagglutination inhibition (HI) test, and eight commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) were compared for the detection of avian mycoplasma infections from 3 days(More)
Serum concentrations of C-reactive protein (CRP) in dogs with various diseases or undergoing various procedures were measured by specific immunoassay. In 20 healthy dogs from various sources, values were all less than 5 mg/L, but in 22 healthy dogs from a single source, values ranged from less than 5 mg/L in 14 dogs and from 8 to 67 mg/L in 8 dogs.(More)
The clinical, pathomorphological and serological features of acute canine leptospirosis are evaluated and the IgM- and IgG-specific ELISA for leptospirosis serology in dogs is assessed. The clinical syndrome of acute canine leptospirosis was characterized by depression, anorexia, vomiting and often haemorrhagic diarrhoea. In addition, jaundice, uraemia,(More)
The development and evaluation of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to detect specific anti-leptospiral IgM and IgG in sera of dogs experimentally infected with Leptospira interrogans serotype canicola are reported. In all dogs specific anti-leptospiral IgM was detected from the second half of the first week after infection, the maximum being(More)
An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to detect antibodies to Leptospira interrogans serotype canicola in dogs was developed and evaluated. Comparison of the ELISA with the microscopic agglutination test (MAT) showed that, during the first two weeks after an experimental infection with serotype canicola, the ELISA detected antibody at higher(More)
The pathology of acute Leptospira interrogans serotype icterohaemorrhagiae infection in the Syrian hamster was investigated up to 7 days after infection using histology, electron microscopy and an indirect fluorescence test for leptospires. The disease was characterized by the presence of many leptospires in the tissues, jaundice, leukocytosis,(More)
This study describes a field trial in which 80 commercial layer flocks, with an increased risk of Salmonella enteritidis (SE) infection and placed on farms with a certified Standardized Biosecurity Programme (SBP) or a request for a SBP certificate, were vaccinated with a vaccine based on a live attenuated Salmonella gallinarum (SG) 9R strain. An evaluation(More)