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Neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (nMAbs) elicited against foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) of serotype C were assayed with field isolates and variant FMDVs using several immunoassays. Of a total of 36 nMAbs tested, 23 recognized capsid protein VP1 and distinguished at least 13 virion conformation-independent epitopes involved in neutralization of FMDV(More)
Copy DNAs corresponding to a highly repetitive, proline-rich protein from maize have been cloned by differential screening of a coleoptile cDNA library. The deduced amino acid sequence contains a single repetitive element of carrot extensin (Ser-Pro-Pro-Pro-Pro). The related mRNAs have a defined distribution in tissues of the plant and are accumulated(More)
The mutations in the quinolone resistance-determining region of the gyrA and gyrB genes from 27 clinical isolates of Escherichia coli with a range of MICs of ciprofloxacin from 0.007 to 128 micrograms/ml and of nalidixic acid from 2 to > 2,000 micrograms/ml were determined by DNA sequencing. All 15 isolates with ciprofloxacin MICs of > or = 1 micrograms/ml(More)
Amyloid fibrils are thread-like protein aggregates with a core region formed from repetitive arrays of beta-sheets oriented parallel to the fibril axis. Such structures were first recognized in clinical disorders, but more recently have also been linked to a variety of non-pathogenic phenomena ranging from the transfer of genetic information to synaptic(More)
Antigenic variants of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) were generated and frequently became dominant in clonal populations of FMDV (clone C-S8c1) grown in the absence of anti-FMDV antibodies. We have now passaged eight samples of the same FMDV clone in the presence of a limited amount of neutralizing polyclonal antibodies directed to the major antigenic(More)
Maintenance of a persistent foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) infection in BHK-21 cells involves a coevolution of cells and virus (J. C. de la Torre, E. Martínez-Salas, J. Díez, A. Villaverde, F. Gebauer, E. Rocha, M. Dávila, and E. Domingo, J. Virol. 62:2050-2058, 1988). The resident FMDV undergoes a number of phenotypic changes, including a gradual(More)
Kahalalide F, the only member of the family of peptides called kahalalides, isolated from the sacoglossan mollusc Elysia rufescens and the green alga Bryopsis sp., with important bioactivity, is in clinical trials for treatment of prostate cancer. An efficient solid-phase synthetic approach is reported. Kahalalide F presents several synthetic difficulties:(More)
Trunkamide A (1) is a cyclic heptapeptide extracted from the ascidian Lissoclinum sp. and has shown very promising cytotoxic activity. This compound incorporates several of the motifs commonly observed in the Patellin family, including dimethylallyl (Dma) Thr and Ser side chains and a thiazoline heterocycle. Given that little is known about the structures(More)
We have previously described a developmentally regulated mRNA in maize that accumulates in mature embryos and is involved in a variety of stress responses in the plant. The sequence of the encoded 16 kDa protein (MA16) predicts that it is an RNA-binding protein, since it possesses a ribonucleoprotein consensus sequence-type RNA-binding domain (CS-RBD). To(More)
A topoisomerase was identified as the bacterial target site for quinolone action in the late 1970s. Since that time, further study identified two bacterial topoisomerases, DNA gyrase and topoisomerase IV, as sites of antibacterial activity DNA gyrase appears to be the primary quinolone target for gram-negative bacteria. Topoisomerase IV appears to be the(More)