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Reelin is an extracellular matrix protein that is crucial for neural development and adult brain plasticity. While the Reelin signalling cascade has been reported to be associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD), the role of Reelin in this pathology is not understood. Here we use an in vitro approach to show that Reelin interacts with amyloid-β (Aβ42) soluble(More)
The three-dimensional structure of kaliotoxin (1-37), KTX(1-37), a toxin from the scorpion Androctonus mauretanicus mauretanicus that blocks calcium-dependent potassium channels, has been determined by NMR. This toxin is homologous with other scorpion toxins such as charybdotoxin (ChTX) or iberiotoxin (IbTX) for which the structures are already known, but(More)
Antigenic variants of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) were generated and frequently became dominant in clonal populations of FMDV (clone C-S8c1) grown in the absence of anti-FMDV antibodies. We have now passaged eight samples of the same FMDV clone in the presence of a limited amount of neutralizing polyclonal antibodies directed to the major antigenic(More)
Amyloid fibrils are thread-like protein aggregates with a core region formed from repetitive arrays of beta-sheets oriented parallel to the fibril axis. Such structures were first recognized in clinical disorders, but more recently have also been linked to a variety of non-pathogenic phenomena ranging from the transfer of genetic information to synaptic(More)
Directed cell migration and axonal guidance are essential steps in neural development. Both processes are controlled by specific guidance cues that activate the signaling cascades that ultimately control cytoskeletal dynamics. Another essential step in migration and axonal guidance is the regulation of plasmalemma turnover and exocytosis in leading edges(More)
A topoisomerase was identified as the bacterial target site for quinolone action in the late 1970s. Since that time, further study identified two bacterial topoisomerases, DNA gyrase and topoisomerase IV, as sites of antibacterial activity DNA gyrase appears to be the primary quinolone target for gram-negative bacteria. Topoisomerase IV appears to be the(More)
One of the goals of computational chemists is to automate the de novo design of bioactive molecules. Despite significant advances in computational approaches to ligand design and binding energy evaluation, novel procedures for ligand design are required. Evolutionary computation provides a new approach to this design endeavor. We propose an evolutionary(More)
A critical aspect to understanding the molecular basis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the characterization of the kinetics of interconversion between the different species present during amyloid-β protein (Aβ) aggregation. By monitoring hydrogen/deuterium exchange in Aβ fibrils using electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, we demonstrate that the Aβ(More)
Peptide-Gold nanoparticles selectively attached to b-amyloid protein (Ab) amyloidogenic aggregates were irradiated with microwave. This treatment produces dramatic effects on the Ab aggregates, inhibiting both the amyloidogenesis and the restoration of the amyloidogenic potential. This novel approach offers a new strategy to inhibit, locally and remotely,(More)
While knowledge of the composition and mode of action of bee and wasp venoms dates back 50 years, the therapeutic value of these toxins remains relatively unexploded. The properties of these venoms are now being studied with the aim to design and develop new therapeutic drugs. Far from evaluating the extensive number of monographs, journals and books(More)