Erna Kaleva

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Quantitative ultrasound imaging (QUI) is a promising preclinical method for detecting early osteoarthrotic (OA) changes in articular cartilage. The aim of this study was to compare time-domain, frequency-domain and wavelet transform (WT) QUI parameters in terms of their performance in revealing degenerative changes in cartilage in vitro. Mankin score and(More)
High-resolution arthroscopic ultrasound imaging provides a potential quantitative technique for the diagnostics of early osteoarthritis. However, an uncontrolled, nonperpendicular angle of an ultrasound beam or the natural curvature of the cartilage surface may jeopardize the reliability of the ultrasound measurements. We evaluated systematically the effect(More)
Quantitative ultrasound imaging (QUI) can be used to evaluate the integrity of articular cartilage and for diagnosing the early signs of osteoarthritis (OA). In this study, we applied a minimally invasive ultrasound imaging technique and investigated its ability to detect superficial degeneration of bovine knee articular cartilage. Intact (n=13),(More)
OBJECTIVE We tested whether an intra-articular ultrasound (IAUS) method could be used to evaluate cartilage status arthroscopically in human knee joints in vivo. DESIGN Seven patients undergoing arthroscopic surgery of the knee were enrolled in this study. An ultrasonic examination was conducted using the same portals as in the arthroscopic surgery. A(More)
Quantitative ultrasound imaging may provide a technique for diagnosing initial signs of osteoarthritis (OA), such as surface fibrillation of articular cartilage. Because subchondral sclerosis and osteophyte formation occur in OA as well, ultrasonic analysis of subchondral bone could yield useful diagnostic information. In this study, we investigated whether(More)
Quantitative high-frequency ultrasonic evaluation of articular cartilage has shown a potential for the diagnosis of osteoarthritis, where the roughness of the surface, collagen and proteoglycan contents, and the density and mechanical properties of cartilage change concurrently. Experimentally, these factors are difficult to investigate individually and(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to compare dosimetric characteristics, monitor unit, and delivery efficiency of 4 different stereotactic body radiotherapy techniques for the treatment of prostate cancer. METHODS This study included 8 patients with localized prostate cancer. Dosimetric assets of 4 delivery techniques for stereotactic body radiotherapy(More)
OBJECTIVES: We previously demonstrated that diaspirin crosslinked hemoglobin (DCLHb, Baxter Healthcare Corp.) improves systemic oxygen uptake in sepsis. Therefore, our objective was to study the effects of DCLHb on microcirculatory blood flow in septic rats. DESIGN: Prospective and randomized experimental study in a university-affiliated laboratory.(More)
BACKGROUND Developments in single photon emission tomography instrumentation and reconstruction methods present a potential for decreasing acquisition times. One of such recent options for myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) is IQ-SPECT. This study was motivated by the inconsistency in the reported ejection fraction (EF) and left ventricular (LV) volume(More)
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