Erna A. B. Peters

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RATIONALE RNA-binding proteins are critical post-transcriptional regulators of RNA and can influence pre-mRNA splicing, RNA localization, and stability. The RNA-binding protein Quaking (QKI) is essential for embryonic blood vessel development. However, the role of QKI in the adult vasculature, and in particular in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), is(More)
Adult angiogenesis, associated with pathologic conditions, is often accompanied by the formation of a fibrinous exudate. This temporary matrix consists mainly of fibrin but is intermingled with plasma proteins and collagen fibers. The formation of capillary structures in a fibrinous matrix in vivo was mimicked by an in vitro model, in which human(More)
Pericellular proteolysis plays an important role in cell migration and the formation of new capillary structures. The plasminogen activator/plasmin and matrix degrading metalloproteinase (MMP) cascades act together in the remodeling of matrix and cell-matrix contacts. Previously we have shown that the formation of capillary structures by human foreskin(More)
AIMS We investigated the role of the TLR4-accessory molecule RP105 (CD180) in post-ischemic neovascularization, i.e. arteriogenesis and angiogenesis. TLR4-mediated activation of pro-inflammatory Ly6Chi monocytes is crucial for effective neovascularization. Immunohistochemical analyses revealed that RP105+ monocytes are present in the perivascular space of(More)
Cancer patients treated for venous thromboembolism with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) have a better survival rate than patients treated with unfractionated heparin (UFH). Because fibrin-associated angiogenesis is an important determinant in the progression and metastasis of many solid tumors, the effects of heparins on in vitro angiogenesis were(More)
To improve current angiogenic gene therapy with a vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-encoding plasmid (Baumgartner et al. Circulation 1998; 97: 1114–23 [1]; Kusumanto et al. Fifth Annual Meeting of the American Society of Gene Therapy, Boston, 2002, Abstr. 621 [2]), we have generated a combination plasmid, encoding the VEGF gene and the thymidine(More)
BACKGROUND In order to identify factors that stimulate arteriogenesis after ischemia, we followed gene expression profiles in two extreme models for collateral artery formation over 28 days after hindlimb ischemia, namely "good-responding" C57BL/6 mice and "poor-responding" BALB/c mice. METHODS AND RESULTS Although BALB/c mice show very poor blood flow(More)
BACKGROUND RP105 (CD180) is TLR4 homologue lacking the intracellular TLR4 signaling domain and acts a TLR accessory molecule and physiological inhibitor of TLR4-signaling. The role of RP105 in vascular remodeling, in particular post-interventional remodeling is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS TLR4 and RP105 are expressed on vascular smooth muscle cells(More)
Different forms of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and their cellular receptors (VEGFR) are associated with angiogenesis, as demonstrated by the lethality of VEGF-A, VEGFR-1 or VEGFR-2 knockout mice. Here we have used an in vitro angiogenesis model, consisting of human microvascular endothelial cells (hMVEC) cultured on three-dimensional (3D)(More)
Neovascularisation, i. e. arteriogenesis and angiogenesis, is an inflammatory process. Therefore attraction and extravasation of leukocytes is essential for effective blood flow recovery after ischaemia. Previous studies have shown that von Willebrand factor (VWF) is a negative regulator of angiogenesis. However, it has also been shown that VWF facilitates(More)