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Work capacity and cardiopulmonary performance were studied in a group of 11 young obese subjects (BMI 39.9 kg/m2) and a group of 10 young normal subjects (BMI 22 kg/m2). First of all they underwent an incremental cycle ergometer test up to exhaustion. Subsequently, every subject of the two groups performed a constant work rate test at different work loads(More)
Along with other risk factors in coronary heart and cerebrovascular disease, obesity is frequently associated with the development of atherosclerosis, a disease in which the rheological characteristics of blood are important. We studied the influence of weight reduction on haemorheological parameters of 20 obese adolescents (10 female, 10 male; aged 12-17(More)
BACKGROUND Growth hormone (GH) secretion is normally sensitive to physical exercise. Intensity and duration of exercise, fitness and age can all influence the GH response to exercise. In obesity, GH secretion is decreased both in basal conditions and in response to exercise. OBJECTIVE To analyse the dynamics of GH response to a progressive cycloergometric(More)
The influence of the rheological properties of the blood on cerebral perfusion is still unresolved. Data on normal subjects are lacking and difficulties arise regarding the effect of blood viscosity owing to its close relationship with hematocrit. For these reasons we have studied the relationship between two rheological hematocrit-independent parameters(More)
To assess the responsiveness of the cerebral vessels to chronic hypercapnia, we measured middle cerebral artery flow velocity by transcranial Doppler ultrasound in 20 normal subjects and in 14 COLD patients before and after stimulation by progressive hypercapnia (rebreathing test) or by intravenous administration of an acetazolamide bolus. The results(More)
Twelve obese patients (six male subjects) aged 17 to 42 years with a mean body mass index (BMI) of 40 kg/m2 and 12 normal subjects (six male subjects) aged 19 to 39 years with a mean BMI of 22 kg/m2 underwent a cycloergometric test until exhaustion to assess work capacity and cardiopulmonary adaptations of the two groups. Minute ventilation, expiratory gas(More)
Focus is an expert system developed to diagnose, by the findings on neurological examination, the anatomic location of an acute neurologic event. The inference engine uses a forward tracking algorithm and a rule based data base that includes associations of neurological signs with specific anatomic areas. Focus is linked to a data base in which all personal(More)
We report creatine kinase (CK) and CK-MB values during a cycloergometric test up to maximal work capacity in 10 normal subjects aged 20 to 39 years (mean body mass index, 22 kg/m2) and 11 obese patients aged 17 to 42 years (mean body mass index, 41 kg/m2), all without any cardiorespiratory diseases. Total CK was significantly higher in obese patients. The(More)
In order to determine whether the alterations of immunoregulatory T cells described both in smokers and in patients with lung cancer occur in the deep lung as well as in peripheral blood, we analyzed T lymphocyte subpopulations in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and in the blood of 12 patients with untreated lung cancer and of 8 controls. The immunocompetent(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity is characterised by a marked insulin resistance which involves an abnormal regulation of K(+) uptake and metabolism. Less is known about the effect of physical exercise on K(+) kinetics. AIM OF THE STUDY To assess plasma catecholamines and potassium levels and their relationship with cardiac activity during a physical effort up to(More)