Ermias Girma Leggesse

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The role of ethylene sulfite (ES) as an electrolyte additive for lithium ion batteries is explained by investigating the one- and two-electron reductive decomposition of ES and (ES)Li(+)(PC)(n) (n = 0-2), both in vacuum and solvent, with the aid of high-level density functional theory calculations. The open-chain radical, which is formed as a result of(More)
We have designed a new set of D-π-A type organic dye sensitizers with different acceptor and anchoring groups, and systematically investigated their optoelectronic properties for efficient dye sensitized solar cell applications. Particularly, we have focused on the effects of anchoring groups on the dye aggregation phenomenon. TDDFT results indicate that(More)
We proposed a new solid state material for hydrogen storage, which consists of a combination of both transition and alkaline earth metal atoms decorating a boron-doped graphene surface. Hydrogen adsorption and desorption on this material was investigated using density functional theory calculations. We find that the diffusion barriers for H atom migration(More)
In this paper, we report on our effort to design a novel lithium salt derived from bis(trifluoroborane)benzimidazolide by using density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The effects of different substituents are investigated with respect to ion pair dissociation energies and intrinsic anion oxidation potential of the molecules. Based on our(More)
Trace water content in the electrolyte causes the degradation of LiPF6, and the decomposed products further react with water to produce HF, which alters the surface of anode and cathode. As a result, the reaction of HF and the deposition of decomposed products on electrode surface cause significant capacity fading of cells. Avoiding these phenomena is(More)
This paper reports an in-depth mechanistic study on the oxidative decomposition of propylene carbonate in the presence of lithium salts (LiClO4, LiBF4, LiPF6, and LiAsF6) with the aid of density functional theory calculations at the B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) level of theory. The solvent effect is accounted for by using the implicit solvation model with density(More)
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