Erling W Rud

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Cross-species transmission of simian foamy virus (SFV) to human beings from chimpanzees, baboons, and African green monkeys has been described. Although macaques are the non-human primate most often handled in research, human infection with SFV from macaques has not been reported. Two of 46 primate-facility workers tested positive for antibodies that(More)
The proviral genome of the 32H reisolate of simian immunodeficiency of macaques (SIVmac32H) has been cloned and sequenced. Including both long terminal repeats, it is 10277 base pairs in length and contains open reading frames for all known SIV genes (gag, pol, vif, vpx, vpr, tat, rev, env and nef). This is the first report of an infectious SIVmac molecular(More)
Good protection against systemic challenge in the SIVmac model of AIDS has been provided by prior infection with attenuated virus. To determine if such protection extends to intrarectal mucosal challenge two molecular clones, SIVmacC8 and SIVmacJ5, were used in this study. SIVmacC8 has an attenuated phenotype in vivo, due to a 12-bp deletion in the nef/(More)
The brain is assumed to be a sterile organ in the absence of disease although the impact of immune disruption is uncertain in terms of brain microbial diversity or quantity. To investigate microbial diversity and quantity in the brain, the profile of infectious agents was examined in pathologically normal and abnormal brains from persons with HIV/AIDS [HIV](More)
HIV infection is characterized by a host response composed of adaptive and innate immunity that partially limits viral replication; however, it ultimately fails in eradicating the virus. To model host gene expression during acute HIV infection, we infected cynomolgus macaques with the SIV/HIV-1 chimeric virus, SHIV89.6P, and profiled gene expression in(More)
Experimental evidence from the simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) model of AIDS has shown that the nef gene is critical in the pathogenesis of AIDS. Consequently, nef is of considerable interest in both antiviral drug and vaccine development. Preliminary findings in two rhesus macaques indicated that a deletion of only 12 bp found in the overlapping nef/3'(More)
A vaccine against AIDS will probably have to protect against challenge both by viable virus-infected cells and by cell-free virus. Eight cynomolgus macaques infected with attenuated simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) were challenged (four each) with cell-free and cell-associated SIV. All were protected, whereas eight controls were all infected after(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether vaccination of macaques with attenuated simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)macC8 could induce long-term protective immunity against rectal exposure to SIVsm and intravenous exposure to the more divergent HIV-2. DESIGN AND METHODS Eight months after vaccination with live attenuated SIVmacC8, four cynomolgus monkeys were(More)
To gain further insight into the ability of subunit vaccines to protect monkeys from experimental infection with simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), two groups of cynomolgus macaques were immunized with either recombinant SIVmac32H-derived envelope glycoproteins (Env) incorporated into immune-stimulating complexes (iscoms) (group A) or with these SIV Env(More)