Erling Svensen

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STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES To compare subjective health complaints in subacute patients with low back pain with reference values from a Norwegian normal population. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Comorbidity is common with nonspecific low back pain. We wanted to investigate if these complaints were specific or part of a more general(More)
BACKGROUND The Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ) is a screening instrument that has been shown to be an effective measure of depression in postpartum women and is widely used in developing nations. METHODS The SRQ was administered to 2028 mothers from eight nations at two time points: one and six months postpartum. All data were obtained from the(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY Early initiation of basic resuscitation interventions within 60 s in apneic newborn infants is thought to be essential in preventing progression to circulatory collapse based on experimental cardio-respiratory responses to asphyxia. The objectives were to describe normal transitional respiratory adaption at birth and to assess the(More)
STUDY DESIGN Modifying effects in multivariate analyses of a randomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVES To identify prognostic factors for the effect of a brief intervention ("modifiers") at a spine clinic on return to work in patients with subacute low back pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA A previous study of a brief intervention showed significant(More)
The Haydom, Tanzania, site (TZH) of The Etiology, Risk Factors and Interactions of Enteric Infections and Malnutrition and the Consequences for Child Health and Development (MAL-ED) Study is in north-central Tanzania, 300 km from the nearest urban center. TZH is in a remote rural district where most of the population are agropastoralists and grow maize as(More)
Etiologic studies of diarrhea are limited by uneven diagnostic methods and frequent asymptomatic detection of enteropathogens. Polymerase chain reaction-based stool pathogen quantification may help distinguish clinically significant infections. We performed a nested case-control study of diarrhea in infants from a community-based birth cohort in Tanzania.(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY "Helping Babies Breathe" (HBB) is a simulation-based educational program developed to help reduce perinatal mortality worldwide. A one-day HBB training course did not improve clinical management of neonates. The objective was to assess the impact of frequent brief (3-5 min weekly) on-site HBB simulation training on newborn resuscitation(More)
More epidemiological data are needed on risk and protective factors for child development. In The Etiology, Risk Factors and Interactions of Enteric Infections and Malnutrition and the Consequences for Child Health and Development (MAL-ED) cohort study, we assessed child development in a harmonious manner across 8 sites in Bangladesh, Brazil, India, Nepal,(More)
OBJECTIVE Early neonatal mortality within the first 24 hours contributes substantially to overall neonatal mortality rates. The definition of birth asphyxia (BA) is imprecise, and reliable cause-specific mortality data are limited; thus the estimated proportion of BA-related deaths globally remains questionable. The objective was to determine the presumed(More)
BACKGROUND Stunting results from decreased food intake, poor diet quality, and a high burden of early childhood infections, and contributes to significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although food insecurity is an important determinant of child nutrition, including stunting, development of universal measures has been challenging due to cumbersome(More)