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We developed a double staining technique for simultaneous demonstration of astrocytes and microglial cells in histological brain sections and cell cultures. The procedure included a histochemical stain specific for microglial cells and an immunocytochemical stain specific for astroglial cells, with postponement of the final visualization of the staining(More)
BACKGROUND Low 25-hydroxy-vitamin D (25(OH)D) levels are inversely related to blood pressure (BP) and have been associated with incident hypertension. In people living at northern latitudes diminished cholecalciferol synthesis in the winter increases the risk of vitamin D deficiency. We wanted to test the hypothesis that daily cholecalciferol(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are at increased risk for hypertension. The mechanisms responsible for the development of hypertension are controversial. We hypothesized that patients with OSA had an abnormal 24-h blood pressure (BP) and an abnormal activity in vasoactive hormones, and that both BP and hormones were normalized during(More)
PURPOSE We investigated the circadian variation in urine output, plasma angiotensin II, aldosterone, atrial natriuretic peptide, arginine vasopressin and blood pressure. MATERIALS AND METHODS We studied 17 elderly men with nocturia and lower urinary tract symptoms, and 10 age matched controls without nocturia. RESULTS Of the 17 patients studied 11 had a(More)
Blood volume (BV), extracellular volume (ECV), blood pressure (BP), creatinine clearance (CCr), plasma levels of angiotensin II (AII), aldosterone (Aldo) and arginine vasopressin (AVP), and serum osmolality (Sosm) were determined in 18 patients with adult polycystic kidney disease, 8 normotensive (group I), 10 hypertensive (group II), and in 11 control(More)
Arginine vasopressin (AVP) mediates water transport in the renal collecting ducts by forming water channels of aquaporin-2 (AQP2) in the apical plasma membrane. AQP2 is excreted in human urine. We wanted to test the hypothesis that urinary excretion of AQP2 (u-AQP2) reflects the effect of AVP on the renal collecting ducts during water deprivation and(More)
The autosomal dominant form of familial neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus (adFNDI) is a rare disease characterized by postnatal onset of polyuria and a deficient neurosecretion of the antidiuretic hormone, arginine vasopressin (AVP). Since 1991, adFNDI has been linked to 31 different mutations of the gene that codes for the vasopressin-neurophysin II(More)
Appropriately substituted 2,3-dihydro-7H-thiazolo[3,2-a]pyrimidin-7-ones 9-12 and 18 were considered as annulated analogues of HEPT (1-[(2-hydroxyethoxy)methyl]-6-(phenylthio)-thymine), and some of these compounds were also found active against HIV-1, the most active one being 2,3-dihydro-5-[(3,5-dimethylphenyl)methyl]-3-ethoxy-6-ethyl-7H-(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the metabolism of erythropoietin (EPO) in uremia compared with healthy subjects. Twenty-one patients (nine men and 12 women) with end-stage renal failure and anemia and 12 healthy volunteers (3 women and nine men) were studied. The pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated after an i.v. and a femoral sc(More)