Erla Kolbrun Svavarsdottir

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AIMS This paper reports a study to evaluate caregiving demands among mothers and fathers of children with cancer, parents' well-being, and how the parents perceive the health status of their child over a period of 18 months. BACKGROUND Cancer among children has psychological impact on all family members. Most previous research has focused on distress,(More)
This purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between caregiving demands, family system demands, and parental coping behavior in 71 families who had an infant 1 year of age or younger diagnosed with a congenital heart defect. Data for this descriptive correlational study were collected in the parents' homes. Mothers spent the most caregiving(More)
The purpose of the study was to evaluate gender difference and the level of well-being among 26 Icelandic parents of children under 18 years with cancer and to compare mothers' and fathers' caregiving demands. Contrary to expectations, there was no overall significant difference between mothers' and fathers' well-being or their caregiving demands. On the(More)
AIM This paper is a report of a study to investigate the correlates of physical and psychological health in a general population-based sample of Icelandic women who experienced abuse in close relationships. BACKGROUND Most studies examining the health concerns associated with intimate partner abuse have been based on clinical populations; however, their(More)
AIM This paper is a report of a study to determine the demographic, personal, interpersonal and illness factors associated with asthma quality of life (QOL), as self-reported by adolescents from the United States of America (USA) and Iceland. BACKGROUND Asthma affects 12% of children in the USA and an estimated 9% in Iceland. Limited research has(More)
The improving prognosis for children with cancer refocuses attention to long-term outcomes. The purpose of this study was to assess whether changes in mothers' and fathers' perception of caregiving demands and well-being over a 1-year time period predicted parents' perception of their child's health at 12 months and to evaluate if these variables predicted(More)
BACKGROUND Routine screening for intimate partner abuse (IPA) has been recommended within health-care settings. However, the instruments and methods that are most effective in detecting abuse continues to be debated in the literature. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effectiveness of two screening procedures/methods, a self-reporting questionnaire and an(More)
This study measures the attitudes of the psychiatric nurses, after having received an education and training intervention program (ETI-PROGRAM) in family systems nursing, towards the importance of the families in their care. Nurses' knowledge of the impact that family nursing intervention can have on family members may increase positive attitudes towards(More)
This study evaluated generic health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among 10 to 12-year-old Icelandic school age children who were either with or without chronic health condition. The children and their parents answered self-report questionnaires. For the 480 children who participated, girls were found to perceive their HRQOL significantly higher than the(More)
The purposes of this international study were to determine the predictors of adaptation and to assess potential moderating effects of parents' sense of coherence and family hardiness on the relationship of severity of illness of a child with asthma and family and caregiving demands as predictors of family adaptation. For both parents, sense of coherence and(More)