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Affinity chromatography was used to identify a putative cell surface receptor for fibronectin. A large cell-attachment-promoting fibronectin fragment was used as the affinity matrix, and specific elution was effected by using synthetic peptides containing the sequence Arg-Gly-Asp, which is derived from the cell recognition sequence in the fibronectin cell(More)
Cells reside in a protein network, the extracellular matrix (ECM), which they secrete and mold into the intercellular space. The ECM exerts profound control over cells. The effects of the matrix are primarily mediated by integrins, a family of cell surface receptors that attach cells to the matrix and mediate mechanical and chemical signals from it. These(More)
  • E Ruoslahti
  • 1996
Proteins that contain the Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) attachment site, together with the integrins that serve as receptors for them, constitute a major recognition system for cell adhesion. The RGD sequence is the cell attachment site of a large number of adhesive extracellular matrix, blood, and cell surface proteins, and nearly half of the over 20 known integrins(More)
Several lines of evidence suggest that tumor growth, angiogenesis, and metastasis are dependent on matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity. However, the lack of inhibitors specific for the type IV collagenase/gelatinase family of MMPs has thus far prevented the selective targeting of MMP-2 (gelatinase A) and MMP-9 (gelatinase B) for therapeutic intervention(More)
Affinity chromatography was used to identify a cell surface receptor for the adhesive protein vitronectin. Detergent extracts of human osteosarcoma (MG-63) cells were chromatographed on either vitronectin-Sepharose or Sepharose linked to the synthetic peptide Gly-Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser-Pro, which includes the fibronectin cell attachment sequence Arg-Gly-Asp. Two(More)
The interactions of integrins with extracellular matrix proteins can activate focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and suppress apoptosis in normal epithelial and endothelial cells; this subset of apoptosis has been termed "anoikis." Here, we demonstrate that FAK plays a role in the suppression of anoikis. Constitutively activated forms of FAK rescued two(More)
The amino acid sequence deduced from cDNA of the human placental fibronectin receptor is reported. The receptor is composed of two subunits: an alpha subunit of 1,008 amino acids which is processed into two polypeptides disulfide bonded to one another, and a beta subunit of 778 amino acids. Each subunit has near its COOH terminus a hydrophobic segment. This(More)
Anchorage-dependent cells that are prevented from attaching to an extracellular matrix substrate stop proliferating and may undergo apoptosis. Cell adhesion to a substrate is mediated by the integrin family of cell surface receptors, which are known to elicit intracellular signals upon cell adhesion. We show here that Chinese hamster ovary cells expressing(More)
We report here on gene transfer studies designed to investigate the function of the alpha 5 beta 1 integrin and its role in transformation. Transfection of the human alpha 5 and beta 1 cDNAs into transformed Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells followed by methotrexate-induced amplification yielded clonal cell lines overexpression this fibronectin receptor.(More)