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Cells reside in a protein network, the extracellular matrix (ECM), which they secrete and mold into the intercellular space. The ECM exerts profound control over cells. The effects of the matrix are primarily mediated by integrins, a family of cell surface receptors that attach cells to the matrix and mediate mechanical and chemical signals from it. These(More)
Affinity chromatography was used to identify a putative cell surface receptor for fibronectin. A large cell-attachment-promoting fibronectin fragment was used as the affinity matrix, and specific elution was effected by using synthetic peptides containing the sequence Arg-Gly-Asp, which is derived from the cell recognition sequence in the fibronectin cell(More)
  • E Ruoslahti
  • 1996
Proteins that contain the Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) attachment site, together with the integrins that serve as receptors for them, constitute a major recognition system for cell adhesion. The RGD sequence is the cell attachment site of a large number of adhesive extracellular matrix, blood, and cell surface proteins, and nearly half of the over 20 known integrins(More)
Six new permanent cell lines were established from human gliomas and compared to nine other cell lines from human gliomas. All fifteen lines had individually distinct HLA phenotypes and all but two, which were from a black patient, had type B glucose-6-phosphate-de;hydrogenase isoenzymes. Morphologically, the lines could be classified into four patterns(More)
The interactions of integrins with extracellular matrix proteins can activate focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and suppress apoptosis in normal epithelial and endothelial cells; this subset of apoptosis has been termed "anoikis." Here, we demonstrate that FAK plays a role in the suppression of anoikis. Constitutively activated forms of FAK rescued two(More)
Several lines of evidence suggest that tumor growth, angiogenesis, and metastasis are dependent on matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity. However, the lack of inhibitors specific for the type IV collagenase/gelatinase family of MMPs has thus far prevented the selective targeting of MMP-2 (gelatinase A) and MMP-9 (gelatinase B) for therapeutic intervention(More)
Affinity chromatography was used to identify a cell surface receptor for the adhesive protein vitronectin. Detergent extracts of human osteosarcoma (MG-63) cells were chromatographed on either vitronectin-Sepharose or Sepharose linked to the synthetic peptide Gly-Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser-Pro, which includes the fibronectin cell attachment sequence Arg-Gly-Asp. Two(More)
Fibronectin, a plasma protein immunologically identical with a major surface protein of normal fibroblasts, was found to bind to collagen and gelatin. A solid phase enzyme immunoassay was used for the binding tests. Collagen, gelatin or various control proteins were adsorbed to a plastic surface. Binding of fibronectin was detected using purified(More)
The ability of fibronectin to bind cells can be accounted for by the tetrapeptide L-arginyl-glycyl-L-aspartyl-L-serine, a sequence which is part of the cell attachment domain of fibronectin and present in at least five other proteins. This tetrapeptide may constitute a cellular recognition determinant common to several proteins.