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Affinity chromatography was used to identify a putative cell surface receptor for fibronectin. A large cell-attachment-promoting fibronectin fragment was used as the affinity matrix, and specific elution was effected by using synthetic peptides containing the sequence Arg-Gly-Asp, which is derived from the cell recognition sequence in the fibronectin cell(More)
Cells reside in a protein network, the extracellular matrix (ECM), which they secrete and mold into the intercellular space. The ECM exerts profound control over cells. The effects of the matrix are primarily mediated by integrins, a family of cell surface receptors that attach cells to the matrix and mediate mechanical and chemical signals from it. These(More)
The amino acid sequence deduced from cDNA of the human placental fibronectin receptor is reported. The receptor is composed of two subunits: an alpha subunit of 1,008 amino acids which is processed into two polypeptides disulfide bonded to one another, and a beta subunit of 778 amino acids. Each subunit has near its COOH terminus a hydrophobic segment. This(More)
The interactions of integrins with extracellular matrix proteins can activate focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and suppress apoptosis in normal epithelial and endothelial cells; this subset of apoptosis has been termed "anoikis." Here, we demonstrate that FAK plays a role in the suppression of anoikis. Constitutively activated forms of FAK rescued two(More)
We report here on gene transfer studies designed to investigate the function of the alpha 5 beta 1 integrin and its role in transformation. Transfection of the human alpha 5 and beta 1 cDNAs into transformed Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells followed by methotrexate-induced amplification yielded clonal cell lines overexpression this fibronectin receptor.(More)
Expression of a constitutively active R-ras converted two cell lines that grow in suspension into highly adherent cells. There was little change in cell surface expression of integrins, but attachment to surfaces coated with the integrin ligands was greatly enhanced. Cells transfected with activated R-ras bound integrin ligands from solution with higher(More)
The ability of fibronectin to bind cells can be accounted for by the tetrapeptide L-arginyl-glycyl-L-aspartyl-L-serine, a sequence which is part of the cell attachment domain of fibronectin and present in at least five other proteins. This tetrapeptide may constitute a cellular recognition determinant common to several proteins.
In vivo selection of phage display libraries was used to isolate peptides that home specifically to tumor blood vessels. When coupled to the anticancer drug doxorubicin, two of these peptides-one containing an alphav integrin-binding Arg-Gly-Asp motif and the other an Asn-Gly-Arg motif-enhanced the efficacy of the drug against human breast cancer xenografts(More)
The active form of fibronectin is its extracellular matrix form, which allows for the attachment of cells and influences both the growth and migration of cells. The matrix form is assembled by cells; however, many cells are defective in this regard. Several regions within fibronectin have been shown to play a role in matrix assembly by cells. One such(More)