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Effects of gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GOBA) on psychomotor skills related to driving were studied in healthy student volunteers. The effects of oral GOBA 1.0 and 2.0 g, alone or in combination with 0.5 g/kg of ethyl alcohol, were compared in double-blind cross-over trials against oral diazepam 10 mg (D), alcohol 0.5 g/kg, and lactose placebo. Reactive and(More)
BACKGROUND A national 5-year follow-up study of infection-specific antibiotic use in primary care was conducted to see if prescribing practices change after implementing new treatment guidelines. METHODS The data were collected during 1 week of November each year from 1998 to 2002 from 30 health care centers that covered a total population of 819,777(More)
The objective was to study prescription practices of primary care physicians in prescribing antibiotics for community-acquired respiratory tract infections. Design was time series analysis and cross-sectional survey. The setting was 30 community primary health care centres. A case report form was completed for 3478 patient consultations treated by 198(More)
Effects of diazepam and alcohol on psychomotor skills were measured in two trials. In the first one, 200 healthy students volunteered for a double-blind single-dose study. Three doses of diazepam (5, 10 and 20 mg) and alcohol (0.5, 0.8 and 1.2 g/kg) were used alone and combined to construct dose-response graphs. All doses of alcohol impaired divided(More)
The objectives of this prospective epidemiological study were to describe the diagnosis and treatment of respiratory tract infections by Finnish general practitioners and to compare current practice with national evidence-based guidelines. All patients (n = 4386) seeking primary care for a respiratory tract infection for the first time in 30 health centres(More)
The aim of this study was to survey current treatment practices for common infections in primary care as a basis for implementation of recently released evidence-based guidelines for community-acquired infections. A point-prevalence survey was conducted in 30 health centres in the Finnish primary care system with a population base of 819,777. All patients(More)
OBJECTIVE To study cases of low-dose methotrexate-induced pancytopenia with special reference to clinical outcome and factors predisposing to bone marrow suppression. METHODS Patient files of 14 cases of methotrexate-induced pancytopenia reported to the National Agency for Medicines in Finland from 1991 to 1999 were reviewed. A review of four additional(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the association between regional macrolide resistance in Streptococcus pyogenes and macrolide use in Finland. During 1997-2001, a total of 50,875 S. pyogenes isolates were tested for erythromycin susceptibility in clinical microbiology laboratories throughout Finland. The local erythromycin resistance levels were(More)