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Effects of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) on IgA production by LPS-stimulated B cells have been studied. TGF-beta itself could augment polyclonal IgA production in concomitant inhibition of polyclonal IgM and IgG1 production. Furthermore, TGF-beta and IL-5 additively augmented IgA production. TGF-beta exerted its activity early in the culture(More)
Murine interleukin-5 (IL-5) is known to play an essential role in Ig production of B cells and proliferation and differentiation of eosinophils. Here, we have isolated cDNA clones encoding a murine IL-5 receptor by expression screening of a library prepared from a murine IL-5 dependent early B cell line. A cDNA library was expressed in COS7 cells and(More)
mAb to murine IL-5R were prepared by means of fusion between mouse myeloma cells and spleen cells from a rat immunized with membrane-enriched fractions of IL-5-dependent early B cell line (T88-M). Two mAb (H7 and T21) were selected for their competitive inhibition of receptor binding by 35S-labeled IL-5 and of IL-5 biologic activities. The number of binding(More)
The murine acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (MAIDS) caused by defective LP-BM5 murine leukemia virus (MuLV) is a disease that shows severe immunodeficiency with abnormal lymphoproliferation, and hypergammaglobulinemia in susceptible C57BL/6 (B6) mice. To examine the cellular mechanisms of development of MAIDS, we injected LP-BM5 MuLV intraperitoneally(More)
Mouse IL-5 (mIL-5) acts on B cells and eosinophils to induce growth and differentiation through the mIL-5 specific receptor (mIL-5R). The functional high-affinity mIL-5R is a heterodimer composed of alpha and beta chains. We investigated the expression of mIL-5R and the responsiveness of B cells and eosinophils to mIL-5 in X-linked immunodeficient (xid)(More)
Adherence of diarrhea-associated Escherichia coli was studied by scanning electron microscopy. Enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) adherence factor-positive (EAF+) E. coli of EPEC serotypes (class I EPEC) adhered to plastic and human jejunal and ileal mucosa, similar to case and HeLa cells. Localized adherence, elongation of cell microvilli, and "locking" of(More)
Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) and IL-5 have been shown to augment IgA production by LPS-stimulated murine B cells. We investigated the effect of TGF-beta on the expression of surface Ig-isotype and IL-5 receptor on LPS-stimulated B cells. TGF-beta increased the proportion of both surface IgA-positive (sIgA+) B cells and sIgG2b+ B cells and(More)
Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) is supposed to be produced by type 1 helper T cells (TH1) and inhibits IL-4-dependent B cell growth and differentiation. IL-5 (T cell-replacing factor, TRF), is a T cell-derived lymphokine which is predominantly produced by type 2 helper T cells (TH2) and regulates proliferation and differentiation of activated B cells. In this(More)
Interleukin 5 (IL-5), a lymphokine produced by helper T cells, is involved in the regulation of growth and differentiation of B cells and other hematopoietic cells. To elucidate IL-5-mediated intracellular mechanisms, we have established IL-5-dependent and -independent murine early B cell lines, J6 and MJ88-1, respectively, and examined the effect of IL-5(More)