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BACKGROUND Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF) involves failure of cardiovascular reserve in multiple domains. In HFPEF animal models, dietary sodium restriction improves ventricular and vascular stiffness and function. We hypothesized that the sodium-restricted dietary approaches to stop hypertension diet (DASH/SRD) would improve left(More)
Biochemical and molecular markers have been used on eleven species of Cucurbitaceae collected from lower Gangetic plains. Six enzyme systems were selected. Among 40 primers examined, 14 random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and 10 inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) primers were selected for the analysis. Generated RAPD (100) and ISSR (100) fragments(More)
During early rapid filling, blood aspirated by the left ventricle (LV) generates an asymmetric toroidal vortex whose development has been quantified using vortex formation time (VFT), a dimensionless index defined by the length-to-diameter ratio of the aspirated (equivalent cylindrical) fluid column. Since LV wall motion generates the atrioventricular(More)
In early diastole, the suction pump feature of the left ventricle opens the mitral valve and aspirates atrial blood. The ventricle fills via a blunt profiled cylindrical jet of blood that forms an asymmetric toroidal vortex ring inside the ventricle whose growth has been quantified by the standard (dimensionless) expression for vortex formation time,(More)
Quantitative cardiac function assessment remains a challenge for physiologists and clinicians. Although historically invasive methods have comprised the only means available, the development of noninvasive imaging modalities (echocardiography, MRI, CT) having high temporal and spatial resolution provide a new window for quantitative diastolic function(More)
The Doppler echocardiographic E-wave is generated when the left ventricle's suction pump attribute initiates transmitral flow. In some subjects E-waves are accompanied by L-waves, the occurrence of which has been correlated with diastolic dysfunction. The mechanisms for L-wave generation have not been fully elucidated. We propose that the recirculating(More)
The pressure phase plane (PPP), defined by dP(t)/dt versus P(t) coordinates has revealed novel physiologic relationships not readily obtainable from conventional, time domain analysis of left ventricular pressure (LVP). We extend the methodology by introducing the normalized pressure phase plane (nPPP), defined by 0 ≤ P ≤ 1 and -1 ≤ dP/dt ≤ +1.(More)
Global left ventricular (LV) isovolumic relaxation rate has been characterized: 1) via the time constant of isovolumic relaxation τ or 2) via the logistic time constant τ(L). An alternate kinematic method, characterizes isovolumic relaxation (IVR) in accordance with Newton's Second Law. The model's parameters, stiffness E(k), and damping/relaxation μ result(More)
Flow impedance has been used to characterize the physical properties of the vascular system by assessing its phasic flow response to pulsatile pressure input in terms of resistance as a function of frequency. Impedance has also been used to characterize global diastolic left ventricular (LV) chamber properties. In early diastole the LV is a mechanical(More)
Impedance has been used in vascular biology to characterize the frequency dependent opposition the circulatory system presents to blood flow in response to a pulsatile pressure gradient. It has also been used to characterize diastolic function (DF) via the early, diastolic left ventricular (LV) pressure–flow relation. In a normal LV, early filling volume is(More)