Erin Smith

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Mammalian liver disposes of acetaminophen and other ingested xenobiotics by forming soluble glucuronides that are subsequently removed via renal filtration. When given in combination with the stable isotopes 2H and 13C, the glucuronide of acetaminophen isolated from urine provides a convenient "chemical biopsy" for evaluating intermediary metabolism in the(More)
A topical nanofiber nitric oxide (NO) releasing patch ( approximately 3.5 mumol NO/cm(2)/day for 20 days, NOP) was compared with intramuscular meglumine antimoniate (Glucantime, 20 mg/kg/day for 20 days) for the treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) caused by Leishmania (V.) panamensis in Santander and Tolima, Colombia. A double-blind, randomized,(More)
BACKGROUND Understanding cognitive and biological mechanisms of PTSD treatment can help refine treatments and increase rates of response. METHODS Thirty-six veterans with PTSD were randomly assigned to receive Prolonged exposure therapy (PE) or Present-Centered therapy (PCT). We examined symptoms, trauma-related cognitions, and two indices of HPA axis(More)
A proportion of U.S. veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan have experienced mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), which is associated with increased risk for developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Prolonged Exposure (PE) has proven effectiveness in the treatment of PTSD; however, some clinicians have reservations about using PE with(More)
Previous research has consistently demonstrated that Prolonged Exposure (PE) therapy is an effective treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Traditionally, PE has been studied and delivered on an individual basis. However, the growing number of Veterans in need of PTSD treatment has led to increased interest in group therapies as an efficient(More)
BACKGROUND Trauma patients consume many resources in the emergency department (ED), but what effect their care may have upon other patients seeking care is unclear. OBJECTIVE We sought to determine whether the presentation of trauma patients to the ED diverts staff and resources away from non-trauma patients. We hypothesized that the admission of trauma(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Reduced walking speed in older adults is associated with adverse health outcomes. This review aims to examine the effect of a cognitive dual-task on the gait speed of community-dwelling older adults with no significant pathology affecting gait. DATA SOURCES AND STUDY SELECTION Electronic database searches were performed in, Web of(More)
In this paper, we report the first evidence for the existence of the Ebbinghaus illusion in the tactile modality. Participants were asked to explore bimanually two sets of Ebbinghaus circles while blindfolded. The results shows that the participants are more likely to be deceived when an illusion-induced stimulus is present than when a control stimulus (no(More)
The timed up and go (TUG) test is a commonly used assessment in older people with variations including the addition of a motor or cognitive dual-task, however in high functioning older adults it is more difficult to assess change. The quantified TUG (QTUG) uses inertial sensors to detect test and gait parameters during the test. If it is to be used in the(More)
This review examines the effect of a dual-task on the gait parameters of older adults with a mean gait speed of 1.0m/s or greater, and the effect of type and complexity of task. A systematic review of Web of Science, PubMed, SCOPUS, Embase and psychINFO was performed in July 2016. Twenty-three studies (twenty-eight data sets) were reviewed and pooled for(More)