The authors acknowledge the financial support of the David & Lucile Packard Foundation and the helpful comments of Dan Zarin at Packard. We are also grateful to Brian Murray and Lydia Olander of the Nicholas Institute for initiating this effort and for their many helpful comments.
A guide to learning about livelihood impacts of REDD+ projects. Any views expressed in this paper are those of the authors. They do not necessarily represent the views of CIFOR, the authors' institutions or the financial sponsors of this paper. iii Contents Acknowledgements vi Executive summary vii Preface xi 1 The case for learning from REDD+ 1 1.1 Why do… (More)
Quasi-experimental methods increasingly are used to evaluate the impacts of conservation interventions by generating credible estimates of counterfactual baselines. These methods generally require large samples for statistical comparisons, presenting a challenge for evaluating innovative policies implemented within a few pioneering jurisdictions. Single… (More)
We would like to thank all donors who supported this research through their contributions to the CGIAR Fund. For a list of Fund donors please see: https://www.cgiarfund.org/FundDonors Any views expressed in this paper are those of the authors. They do not necessarily represent the views of CIFOR, the editors, the authors' institutions, the financial… (More)
Payments for environmental services (PES) are often viewed as a way to simultaneously improve conservation outcomes and the wellbeing of rural households who receive the payments. However, evidence for such win-win outcomes has been elusive. We add to the growing literature on conservation program impacts by using primary household survey data to evaluate… (More)
Qualitative interviews with participants in the cocoa (Theobroma cacao) supply chain in Costa Rica and the United States were conducted and supplemented with an analysis of the marketing literature to examine the prospects of organic and Fairtrade certification for enhancing environmentally and socially responsible trade of cocoa from Costa Rica.… (More)
Introduction In 2007, the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) agreed to the Bali Roadmap, which encouraged actors in developed and developing countries to take immediate actions to mitigate carbon emissions from the forestry sector. Policymakers, investors, donor organisations and NGOs responded by initiating a… (More)
1 As the rate and scale of tropical forest exploitation has increased, governments and environmental organizations have shown an increasing interest in establishing and expanding national parks to protect biodiversity, provide recreation, and produce a variety of environmental services. About half of the world's 4500 parks and reserves are located in the… (More)