Erin N Bobeck

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The periaqueductal gray (PAG) plays an important role in morphine antinociception and tolerance. Co-localization of mu-opioid and NMDA receptors on dendrites in the PAG suggests that glutamate may modulate morphine antinociception. Moreover, the involvement of glutamate in spinally mediated tolerance to morphine suggests that glutamate receptors may(More)
Repeated administration of opioids produces long-lasting changes in micro-opioid receptor (MOR) signaling that underlie behavioral changes such as tolerance. Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways, including MAPK extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK1/2), are modulated by opioids and are known to produce long-lasting changes in cell(More)
UNLABELLED The hot plate is a widely used test to assess nociception. The effect of non-nociceptive factors (weight, sex, activity, habituation, and repeated testing) on hot-plate latency was examined. Comparison of body weight and hot-plate latency revealed a small but significant inverse correlation (light rats had longer latencies). Habituating rats to(More)
Mu-opioid receptor (MOPr) agonists, such as morphine, produce greater antinociception in male compared to female rats. The ventolateral periaqueductal gray (vlPAG) appears to contribute to this sex-difference despite fewer vlPAG output neurons projecting to the rostral ventromedial medulla in male compared to female rats. This greater projection in female(More)
Microinjection of opioids into the ventrolateral periaqueductal gray (vlPAG) produces antinociception in part by binding to mu-opioid receptors (MOPrs). Although both high and low efficacy agonists produce antinociception, low efficacy agonists such as morphine produce limited MOPr internalization suggesting that MOPr internalization and signaling leading(More)
Opioid inhibition of presynaptic GABA release in the ventrolateral periaqueductal gray (vlPAG) activates the descending antinociception pathway. Tolerance to repeated opioid administration is associated with upregulation of adenylyl cyclase activity. The objective of these studies was to test the hypothesis that adenylyl cyclase contributes to opioid(More)
UNLABELLED Systemic administration of morphine typically produces greater tolerance than higher efficacy mu-opioid receptor (MOPr) agonists such as fentanyl. The objective of the present study was to test this relationship by measuring antinociceptive efficacy and tolerance to morphine and fentanyl microinjected into the ventrolateral periaqueductal gray(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Opioids, such as morphine, are the most effective treatment for pain but their efficacy is diminished with the development of tolerance following repeated administration. Recently, we found that morphine activated ERK in opioid-tolerant but not in naïve rats, suggesting that morphine activation of μ-opioid receptors is altered(More)
PEN is an abundant peptide in the brain that has been implicated in the regulation of feeding. We identified a receptor for PEN in mouse hypothalamus and Neuro2A cells. PEN bound to and activated GPR83, a G protein (heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide)-binding protein)-coupled receptor (GPCR). Reduction of GPR83 expression in mouse brain and Neuro2A cells(More)
Opioids produce antinociception by activation of G protein signaling linked to the mu-opioid receptor (MOPr). However, opioid binding to the MOPr also activates β-arrestin signaling. Opioids such as DAMGO and fentanyl differ in their relative efficacy for activation of these signaling cascades, but the behavioral consequences of this differential signaling(More)
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