Erin Middleton

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Flavonoids are nearly ubiquitous in plants and are recognized as the pigments responsible for the colors of leaves, especially in autumn. They are rich in seeds, citrus fruits, olive oil, tea, and red wine. They are low molecular weight compounds composed of a three-ring structure with various substitutions. This basic structure is shared by tocopherols(More)
Intracanopy plasticity in tree leaf form is a major determinant of whole-plant function and potentially of forest understory ecology. However, there exists little systematic information for the full extent of intracanopy plasticity, whether it is linked with height and exposure, or its variation across species. For arboretum-grown trees of six temperate(More)
1. Flavonoids display a wide range of pharmacological properties including anti-inflammatory. Anti-mutagenic, anti-carcinogenic and anti-cancer effects. Here, we evaluated the effects of eight flavonoids on the tumour cell proliferation, cellular protein phosphorylation, and matrix metalloproteinase (MMPs) secretion. 2. Of the flavonoids examined, luteolin(More)
We studied the development of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)-specific IgE and the release of histamine in nasopharyngeal secretions from 79 infants with various forms of respiratory illness due to RSV. RSV-IgE was measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; specificity was confirmed by appropriate blocking experiments. Histamine content in the(More)
The effect of several naturally occurring dietary flavonoids including quercetin, naringin, hesperetin, and catechin on the infectivity and replication of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), polio-virus type 1, parainfluenza virus type 3 (Pf-3), and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) was studied in vitro in cell culture monolayers employing the technique of(More)
No doubt can remain that the flavonoids have profound effects on the function of immune and inflammatory cells as determined by a large number and variety of in vitro and some in vivo observations. That these ubiquitous dietary chemicals may have significant in vivo effects on homeostasis within the immune system and on the behavior of secondary cell(More)
The pharmacokinetics of a 40-mg intravenous dose of prednisolone were determined in 10 steroid-dependent asthmatic children with highly variable prednisone requirements (5 mg every other day to 40 mg a day). Concentrations of prednisolone and cortisol in plasma over a 24-hr test period were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography. Eosinophil(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC) from rat brain was inhibited by plant flavonoids in a concentration-dependent manner depending on flavonoid structure. Of the fifteen flavonoids studied, fisetin, quercetin and luteolin were the most potent, while hesperetin, taxifolin and rutin were among the least potent. The flavonol fisetin was almost 100% inhibitory at a(More)