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In addition to the virus-coded large-T and small-t antigens, two new classes of proteins were immunoprecipitated by anti-simian virus 40 (SV40) tumor serum from extracts of various SV40-transformed cell lines. These were as follows: (i) proteins (termed "super-T proteins") with an Mr higher than that of large-T antigen (86,000), which were found in many(More)
BACKGROUND Combination of age at diagnosis, stage and MYCN amplification stratifies neuroblastoma into low-risk and high-risk. We aimed to establish whether a microRNA (miRNA) signature could be associated with prognosis in both groups. METHODS Microarray expression profiling of human miRNAs and quantitative reverse-transcriptase PCR of selected miRNAs(More)
The p53 protein is known to trans-activate a number of genes by specific binding to a consensus sequence containing two decamers of the type: PuPuPuCA/TT/AGPyPyPy. In order to identify new p53 trans-activated genes, we defined a set of criteria for computer search of p53-responsive elements. Based on experimental data, we proposed an extended consensus(More)
We discovered a class of naturally occurring human proteins with unusually high net positive charge that can potently deliver proteins in functional form into mammalian cells both in vitro and also in murine retina, pancreas, and white adipose tissues in vivo. These findings represent diverse macromolecule delivery agents for in vivo applications, and also(More)
While p53 is dispensable for development, an excess of p53 has dramatic consequences on the embryogenesis and on the cell differentiation. In an attempt to analyse in vivo the effects of p53 activity, we have generated transgenic mice expressing the wild-type p53 under the control of the metallothionein I promoter. In the three transgenic lines established,(More)
By using the PCR-SSCP technique we characterized various ER-specific RNA species present in a series of primary breast cancers, as well as in cell lines established from breast carcinomas and in mammary gland tissues from healthy specimens. A series of six truncated messenger RNAs generated by alternative splicing was characterized. These RNAs correspond to(More)
The mechanisms by which the p53 tumour suppressor protein would, in vivo, co-ordinate the adaptive response to genotoxic stress is poorly understood. p53 has been shown to transactivate several genes that could be involved in two main cellular responses, growth arrest and apoptosis. To get further insight into the tissue-specific regulation of p53(More)
p53 regulates the transcription of a number of genes among which are different redox-related genes. It has been proposed that these genes can induce a cellular oxidative stress leading to p53-dependent apoptosis (Polyak et al., 1997). MnSOD, the product of superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2) gene, is one of the major cellular defences against oxidative stress. We(More)
p53 protein is a sequence-specific transcriptional activator which induces the expression of a number of cellular genes involved in different metabolic pathways. We report that the computer-selected sequence in human and mouse C-Ha-Ras gene confers to a reporter gene the ability to be directly transactivated by wild-type p53 either overexpressed or(More)