Erin M. Burns

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Age related alterations in cerebral capillary morphology were investigated in 4-, 10-, and 20-year-old Macaque monkeys and in 1-, 14-, 35-, 180-, and 800-day-old Sprague-Dawley rats. This study revealed the following changes with increasing age: a significant decrease in cerebral capillary wall thickness in frontal cortex in monkeys but not in rats; a(More)
Samples were obtained from the frontal and occipital cortex of Macaque monkeys at 4, 10 and 20 years of age. Electron microscopic studies revealed attenuation of capillary walls and declining numbers of endothelial mitochondria per capillary profile with increasing age. The basal lamina surrounding the capillary increased in thickness between 4 and 10 years(More)
Skin cancer incidence and mortality are higher in men compared to women, but the causes of this sex discrepancy remain largely unknown. Ultraviolet light exposure induces cutaneous inflammation and neutralizes cutaneous antioxidants. Gr-1 + CD11b + myeloid cells are heterogeneous bone marrow-derived cells that promote inflammation-associated carcinogenesis.(More)
We have shown that significant ultrastructural changes occur with increasing age in the BBB in the nonhuman primate. It is probable that similar changes occur in aging humans. Clearly, morphophysiological changes, i.e., structural changes in cerebral capillaries, may alter the BBB mechanism as well as capillary perfusion which, in turn, may affect cerebral(More)
Epidemiological studies support a link between cumulative sun exposure and cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) development. However, the presumed effects of extended ultraviolet light B (UVB) exposure on tumorigenesis in the sexes have not been formally investigated. We examined differences in ultimate tumorigenesis at 25 weeks in mice exposed to UVB(More)
Because of the ever-increasing incidence of ultraviolet light B (UVB)-induced skin cancer, considerable attention is being paid to prevention through the use of both sunscreens and after sun treatments, many of which contain antioxidants. Vitamin E is included as an antioxidant in many sunscreens and lotions currently on the market. Studies examining the(More)
The presence of white matter changes on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which has been referred to by Hachinski (1987) as leukoaraiosis, is frequently noted in elderly individuals in conditions ranging from health to frank dementia. This study involved the use of MRI to document cerebral structure if 41 healthy 50-60-year-old individuals, 28 of whom were(More)
Dynamic computerized tomographic brain scanning was used to make determinations of mean cerebral tissue nonenhanced density and contrast-enhanced density in 10 bilateral brain regions in 10 psychotic subjects. Asymmetry of both nonenhanced and contrast-enhanced density was observed; left regional nonenhanced values were higher than right, whereas(More)
The timing, intensity, and duration of the period of maximal susceptibility of the developing brain to ethanol have not been clearly elucidated. This study was designed to determine whether a lower blood ethanol concentration (BEC) or a brief exposure during the brain growth spurt in the rat might cause permanent brain damage. Two doses of ethanol (4 g/kg(More)
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