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PURPOSE In vivo, 5-fluoro-2'-deoxycytidine (FdCyd) is rapidly and sequentially converted to 5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine, 5-fluorouracil, and 5-fluorouridine. The i.v. combination of FdCyd and 3,4,5,6-tetrahydrouridine (THU), a cytidine deaminase (CD) inhibitor that blocks the first metabolic step in FdCyd catabolism, is being investigated clinically for its(More)
PURPOSE S-CKD602 is a STEALTH liposomal formulation of CKD-602, a camptothecin analogue. The cytotoxicity of camptothecin analogues is related to the duration of exposure in the tumor. STEALTH liposomal formulations contain lipid conjugated to methoxypolyethylene glycol and have been designed to prolong drug circulation time, increase tumor delivery, and(More)
PURPOSE In vivo, 2',2'-difluoro-2'-deoxycytidine (dFdC) is rapidly inactivated by gut and liver cytidine deaminase (CD) to 2',2'-difluoro-2'-deoxyuridine (dFdU). Consequently, dFdC has poor oral bioavailability and is administered i.v., with associated costs and limitations in administration schedules. 3,4,5,6-Tetrahydrouridine (THU) is a potent CD(More)
A number of anticancer drugs are cytidine analogues that undergo metabolic deactivation catalyzed by cytidine deaminase (CD). 3,4,5,6-Tetrahydrouridine (THU) is a potent inhibitor of CD, by acting as a transition-state analogue of its natural substrate cytidine. However, to date its pharmacokinetic properties have not been fully characterized, which has(More)
17-demethoxy 17-[[(2-dimethylamino)ethyl]amino]geldanamycin (17DMAG, NSC 707545) is a water-soluble analogue of 17-(allylamino)-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17AAG), a compound currently in clinical trials. These preclinical studies: (1) characterized 17DMAG concentrations in plasma, normal tissues, and tumor after i.v. delivery to mice; and (2) correlated(More)
PURPOSE In colorectal, breast, and head and neck cancers, response to 5-fluorouracil is associated with low expression of thymidylate synthase. In contrast, tumors with high expression of thymidylate synthase may be more sensitive to prodrugs such as 1-(2-deoxy-2-fluoro-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl) uracil (FAU) that are activated by thymidylate synthase. These(More)
c-Myc is commonly activated in many human tumors and is functionally important in cellular proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis and cell cycle progression. The activity of c-Myc requires noncovalent interaction with its client protein Max. In vitro studies indicate the thioxothiazolidinone, 10058-F4, inhibits c-Myc/Max dimerization. In this study, we(More)
Inositol hexaphosphate (IP(6)) is effective in preclinical cancer prevention and chemotherapy. In addition to cancer, IP(6) has many other beneficial effects for human health, such as reduction in risk of developing cardiovascular disease and diabetes and inhibition of kidney stone formation. Studies presented here describe the pharmacokinetics, tissue(More)
The metabolism of zebularine (NSC 309132), a novel agent that inhibits DNA methyltransferases, is still uncharacterized. To examine the in vivo metabolism of zebularine, an analytical method was developed and validated (based on FDA guidelines) to quantitate 2-[(14)C]-zebularine and its major metabolites in murine plasma. Zebularine and its metabolites(More)
SPI-077 and SPI-077 B103 are formulations of cisplatin encapsulated in pegylated STEALTH liposomes that accumulate in tumors. However, the extent to which active platinum (Pt) is released from the liposome is unknown. Thus, we evaluated the disposition of encapsulated and released Pt in plasma and tumors after administration of STEALTH liposomal and(More)