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PURPOSE In vivo, 5-fluoro-2'-deoxycytidine (FdCyd) is rapidly and sequentially converted to 5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine, 5-fluorouracil, and 5-fluorouridine. The i.v. combination of FdCyd and 3,4,5,6-tetrahydrouridine (THU), a cytidine deaminase (CD) inhibitor that blocks the first metabolic step in FdCyd catabolism, is being investigated clinically for its(More)
A number of anticancer drugs are cytidine analogues that undergo metabolic deactivation catalyzed by cytidine deaminase (CD). 3,4,5,6-Tetrahydrouridine (THU) is a potent inhibitor of CD, by acting as a transition-state analogue of its natural substrate cytidine. However, to date its pharmacokinetic properties have not been fully characterized, which has(More)
PURPOSE S-CKD602 is a STEALTH liposomal formulation of CKD-602, a camptothecin analogue. The cytotoxicity of camptothecin analogues is related to the duration of exposure in the tumor. STEALTH liposomal formulations contain lipid conjugated to methoxypolyethylene glycol and have been designed to prolong drug circulation time, increase tumor delivery, and(More)
PURPOSE In colorectal, breast, and head and neck cancers, response to 5-fluorouracil is associated with low expression of thymidylate synthase. In contrast, tumors with high expression of thymidylate synthase may be more sensitive to prodrugs such as 1-(2-deoxy-2-fluoro-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl) uracil (FAU) that are activated by thymidylate synthase. These(More)
SPI-077 and SPI-077 B103 are formulations of cisplatin encapsulated in pegylated STEALTH liposomes that accumulate in tumors. However, the extent to which active platinum (Pt) is released from the liposome is unknown. Thus, we evaluated the disposition of encapsulated and released Pt in plasma and tumors after administration of STEALTH liposomal and(More)
One possible explanation for variable tumor response within a single patient may be related to delivery of chemotherapeutic agents to the tumors. Microdialysis was used to evaluate inter- and intratumoral disposition of unbound platinum (Pt) after cisplatin administration to mice bearing B16 murine melanoma tumors or H23 human NSCLC xenografts. Before i.v.(More)
PURPOSE In vivo, 2',2'-difluoro-2'-deoxycytidine (dFdC) is rapidly inactivated by gut and liver cytidine deaminase (CD) to 2',2'-difluoro-2'-deoxyuridine (dFdU). Consequently, dFdC has poor oral bioavailability and is administered i.v., with associated costs and limitations in administration schedules. 3,4,5,6-Tetrahydrouridine (THU) is a potent CD(More)
PURPOSE Zebularine is a DNA methyltransferase inhibitor proposed for clinical evaluation. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We developed a liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry assay and did i.v. and oral studies in mice, rats, and rhesus monkeys. RESULTS In mice, plasma zebularine concentrations declined with terminal half-lives (t(1/2)) of 40 and 91 minutes after(More)
17-demethoxy 17-[[(2-dimethylamino)ethyl]amino]geldanamycin (17DMAG, NSC 707545) is a water-soluble analogue of 17-(allylamino)-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17AAG), a compound currently in clinical trials. These preclinical studies: (1) characterized 17DMAG concentrations in plasma, normal tissues, and tumor after i.v. delivery to mice; and (2) correlated(More)
We evaluated the antitumor activity of two different schedules of docetaxel and 9-nitrocamptothecin (9NC) in mice bearing human SKOV-3 ovarian carcinoma xenografts and evaluated the plasma, tissue, and tumor disposition of each agent alone and in combination. The following treatment groups were evaluated: (1) docetaxel 10 mg/kg IV on days 0 and 7; (2) 9NC(More)