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Our study identifies tyrosine phosphorylation as a novel protein kinase Cdelta (PKCdelta) activation mechanism that modifies PKCdelta-dependent phosphorylation of cardiac troponin I (cTnI), a myofilament regulatory protein. PKCdelta phosphorylates cTnI at Ser23/Ser24 when activated by lipid cofactors; Src phosphorylates PKCdelta at Tyr311 and Tyr332 leading(More)
Addiction-associated behaviors such as drug craving and relapse are hypothesized to result from synaptic changes that persist long after withdrawal and are renormalized by drug reinstatement, although such chronic synaptic effects have not been identified. We report that exposure to the dopamine releaser methamphetamine for 10 days elicits a long-lasting(More)
Supplemental figure 1-Average release of FM1-43 over time from cortical terminals stimulated at 1 Hz, 10 Hz, and 20 Hz following repeated saline (A – C) or methamphetamine (D – F; 20 mg/kg/day, 10 days) on withdrawal day 10. Curves (red) demonstrate exponential fitting for first-order kinetics. Curves were fit with: A=Ao * EXP (-xt); x=ln(0.5) / t 1/2. For(More)
Protein kinase C-delta (PKCdelta) is a Ser/Thr kinase that regulates a wide range of cellular responses. This study identifies novel in vitro PKCdelta autophosphorylation sites at Thr(141) adjacent to the pseudosubstrate domain, Thr(218) in the C1A-C1B interdomain, Ser(295), Ser(302), and Ser(304) in the hinge region, and Ser(503) adjacent to Thr(505) in(More)
The anticancer drug N,N,"N"-triethylenethiophosphoramide (tTEPA) inactivated CYP2B6 and CYP2B1 in the reconstituted system in a time-, concentration-, and NADPH-dependent manner indicative of mechanism-based inactivation. The KI value for the inactivation of CYP2B1 was 38 microM, the kinact was 0.3 min(-1), and the t1/2 value was 2.5 min. Spectral carbon(More)
Peri-operative atrial fibrillation (peri-op AF) is a common complication following thoracic surgery. This arrhythmia is thought to be triggered by an inflammatory response and can be reproduced in various animal models. Previous work has shown that the lipid inflammatory mediator, platelet-activating factor (PAF), synthesized by activated neutrophils, can(More)
We have previously observed that the quadruple (S407T-N417D-A419T-K473M) and triple (S407T-N17D-A419T) mutants of the chimeric construct of P450 2B1/2B2 do not undergo mechanism-based inactivation by 17alpha-ethynylestradiol (17EE) and tert-butyl 1-methyl-2-propynyl ether (tBMP). The ability of these mutants to metabolize 17EE, benzphetamine, and(More)
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia with significant morbidities and only partially adequate therapeutic options. AF is associated with atrial remodeling processes, including changes in the expression and function of ion channels and signaling pathways. TWIK protein-related acid-sensitive K+ channel (TASK)-1, a two-pore domain K+ channel, has(More)
The canonical pathway for protein kinase D1 (PKD1) activation by growth factor receptors involves diacylglycerol binding to the C1 domain and protein kinase C-dependent phosphorylation at the activation loop. PKD1 then autophosphorylates at Ser(916), a modification frequently used as a surrogate marker of PKD1 activity. PKD1 also is cleaved by caspase-3 at(More)
BACKGROUND Drugs are screened for delayed rectifier potassium current (IKr) blockade to predict long QT syndrome prolongation and arrhythmogenesis. However, single-cell studies have shown that chronic (hours) exposure to some IKr blockers (eg, dofetilide) prolongs repolarization additionally by increasing late sodium current (INa-L) via inhibition of(More)
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