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RATIONALE Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) hold great promise for cardiac regeneration but are susceptible to various concerns. Recently, salutary effects of stem cells have been connected to exosome secretion. ESCs have the ability to produce exosomes, however, their effect in the context of the heart is unknown. OBJECTIVE Determine the effect of ESC-derived(More)
BACKGROUND Prophylactic efficacy against colitis following lactobacillus consumption in interleukin 10 (IL-10) knockout (KO) mice has been reported. Whether this applies equally to other probiotic strains is unknown, and the mechanism is unclear. AIMS (1) To compare the effect of feeding Lactobacillus salivarius subspecies salivarius 433118 and(More)
Tissue necrosis resulting from critical limb ischemia (CLI) leads to amputation in a significant number of patients. Autologous cell therapy using angiogenic cells such as endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) holds promise as a treatment for CLI but a limitation of this treatment is that the underlying disease etiology that resulted in CLI may also(More)
Little is known about how plasmids move through the cytoplasm to the nucleus. It has been suggested that the dense latticework of the cytoskeleton impedes free diffusion of large macromolecules, including DNA. However, since transfections do work, there must be mechanisms by which DNA circumvents cytoplasmic obstacles. One possibility is that plasmids(More)
The regenerative potential for adult bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) has been extensively investigated in the setting of arthritic disease and focal cartilage defects. In vitro chondrogenic differentiation of MSCs is regularly accomplished by the widely used pellet culture system where MSCs are maintained in high-density pellets to(More)
The success of viral and nonviral gene delivery relies on the ability of DNA-based vectors to traverse the cytoplasm and reach the nucleus. We, as well as other researchers, have shown that plasmids utilize the microtubule network and its associated motor proteins to traffic toward the nucleus. While disruption of microtubules with nocodazole was shown to(More)
Under physiologically relevant conditions, the levels of non-viral gene transfer are low at best. The reason for this is that many barriers exist for the efficient transfer of genes to cells, even before any gene expression can occur. While many transfection strategies focus on DNA condensation and overcoming the plasma membrane, events associated with the(More)
Diabetes is associated with a higher incidence of myocardial infarction (MI) and increased risk for adverse vascular and fibrogenic events post-MI. Bone marrow-derived progenitor cell (BMPC) therapy has been shown to promote neovascularization, decrease infarct area and attenuate left ventricular (LV) dysfunction after MI. Unlike vascular effects, the(More)
There is a critical clinical need to develop therapies for nonhealing diabetic foot ulcers. Topically applied mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) provide a novel treatment to augment diabetic wound healing. A central pathological factor in nonhealing diabetic ulcers is an impaired blood supply. It was hypothesized that topically applied allogeneic MSCs would(More)
We tested the hypothesis that tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha induces a peroxynitrite (ONOO(-))-dependent increase in permeability of pulmonary microvessel endothelial monolayers (PMEM) that is associated with generation of nitrated beta-actin (NO(2)-beta-actin). The permeability of PMEM was assessed by the clearance rate of Evans blue-labeled albumin.(More)