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OBJECTIVE To determine the incidence of small bowel obstruction (SBO), to identify risk factors for its development, and to determine the most common sites of adhesions causing SBO in patients undergoing ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA). METHODS All patients undergoing IPAA at Mount Sinai Hospital were included. Data were obtained from the(More)
Nutrient-stimulated insulin secretion is dependent upon the generation of metabolic coupling factors in the mitochondria of the pancreatic B cell. To investigate the role of Ca2+ in mitochondrial function, insulin secretion from INS-1 cells stably expressing the Ca2+-sensitive photoprotein aequorin in the appropriate compartments was correlated with changes(More)
The precise regulation of the Ca2+ concentration in the endoplasmic reticulum ([Ca2+]er) is important for protein processing and signal transduction. In the pancreatic beta-cell, dysregulation of [Ca2+]er may cause impaired insulin secretion. The Ca2+-sensitive photoprotein aequorin mutated to lower its Ca2+ affinity was stably expressed in the endoplasmic(More)
In the pancreatic beta-cell, insulin secretion is stimulated by glucose metabolism resulting in membrane potential-dependent elevation of cytosolic Ca2+ ([Ca2+]c). This cascade involves the mitochondrial membrane potential (delta psi[m]) hyperpolarization and elevation of mitochondrial Ca2+ ([Ca2+]m) which activates the Ca(2+)-sensitive NADH-generating(More)
Mitochondrial dysfunction due to alterations in the mitochondrial genome (mtDNA) has recently attracted much attention, with the finding that mutations in the mitochondrially encoded proteins perturb cell function. Several disorders have been linked to such genetic changes, including a specific diabetic phenotype. Using ethidium bromide (EtBr) that(More)
The ability of lithium to interfere with phosphoinositide metabolism in rat cerebral cortex slices has been examined by monitoring the accumulation of CMP-phosphatidate (CMP-PtdOH) and the reduction in Ins(1,4,5)P3 and Ins(1,3,4,5)P4 levels. A small accumulation of [14C]CMP-PtdOH was seen in slices prelabelled with [14C]cytidine and stimulated with(More)
The phrase “outcomes studies” is usually used to describe those studies where outcome is assessed in large cohorts of patients, often using data from administrative databases. They are used to determine the role and impact of variations in the structure and process of health care delivery play in routine practice. Optimally, outcome should be assessed in(More)
The ability of lithium to interfere with the metabolism of inositol phosphates in brain may underlie its therapeutic action in manic-depressive illness. In these experiments, lithium, at therapeutic concentrations, enhanced the accumulation of [3H]inositol monophosphate but suppressed the accumulation of the putative second messengers [3H]inositol(More)
Glucose-stimulated insulin release from pancreatic beta cells involves a complex series of signalling pathways. In many forms of diabetes, lesions in this process cause or aggravate the diabetic phenotype. A common motif in these cascades is the elevation of intracellular Ca2+ both in the cytosolic compartment ([Ca2+]c) and within the mitochondria(More)
A critical issue during the 2009 influenza A (H1N1) pandemic was determining the appropriate duration of time individuals with influenza-like illness (ILI) should remain isolated to reduce onward transmission while limiting societal disruption. Ideally this is based on knowledge of the relative infectiousness of ill individuals at each point during the(More)