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A DNA vaccine constructed with the CMV promoter conjugated to env gp160 and rev genes has been shown to induce an effective Th1-type immune response when inoculated via an intramuscular route. In the present study, we obtained high levels of both humoral and cell-mediated immune activity by intranasal administration of this DNA vaccine. The production of(More)
PURPOSE To ascertain and define the position of a potential disease susceptibility gene around D21S0083i prioritized during our previous whole genome case-control association analysis with 27,158 microsatellite markers, in Japanese high-myopia patients. METHODS 520 high myopic patients and 520 healthy controls were genotyped using 39 SNPs distributed(More)
Intestinal epithelial cell-derived interleukin (IL)-7 functions as a pleiotropic and nonredundant cytokine in the human intestinal mucosa; however, the molecular basis of its production has remained totally unknown. We here showed that human intestinal epithelial cells both constitutively and when induced by gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) produced IL-7, while(More)
We report a 53-year-old man with a 2-year history of a violaceous indurated plaque on the shoulder. Although angiosarcoma was clinically suspected, histological examination revealed numerous lobules ('tufts') with cleft-like vascular lumina throughout the dermis and subcutaneous tissue. Tumour cells had no nuclear atypia and were positive for CD34, but(More)
One hundred and thirty three gastric cancer cases were investigated immunohistochemically to clarify the biological role of survivin in gastric cancer cells using a commercially available anti-survivin antibody (SURV11A). Five gastric cancer cell lines were employed to assess localization of survivin by reverse-transcription-polymerase chain reaction(More)
BACKGROUND We developed novel magnetic resonance enterocolonography (MREC) for simultaneously evaluating both small and large bowel lesions in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of MREC by comparing results of this procedure to those of endoscopies for evaluating the small and large bowel(More)
Liposomes have been widely used to enhance the immune response. In the present investigation, we studied their in vivo immunomodulation of an HIV-1-specific DNA vaccine candidate (pCMV160/REV) constructed with the cytomegalovirus (CMV) promoter-conjugated HIV-1 env and rev DNA plasmids. By immunizing with pCMV160/REV and cationic liposomes through various(More)
Cytokines are powerful regulators of the immune response. In this study, an HIV-1 envelope DNA vaccine and interleukin 15 (IL-15) expression plasmid were intranasally administered to mice. A significant increase in the HIV-1-specific DTH response and CTL activity, and decrease in the serum IgG/IgG2a ratio was observed in the group which received DNA vaccine(More)
The adjuvant effect of mannan-coated liposomes on human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) DNA vaccine and the mechanism of this enhancement were studied. Coating of cationic liposomes with mannan significantly enhanced the ability of this vaccine to induce an HIV-specific delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) response. HIV-specific cytotoxic T-cell (CTL)(More)
Abnormally combined M- and U-nerves were observed in the peripheral nerves of C57BL dystrophic mice. They were counted in the sciatic nerves of the dystrophic mice 3 times more frequently than in control mice. The myelin disappeared beyond the nodes of Ranvier just as in the dysmyelination of dystrophic mice. Some of the U-axons inside the myelin were(More)