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Fracture fixation in severe osteoporotic bone by means of implants that rely on screw anchorage is still a clinical problem. So far, a sufficiently accurate prediction of the holding capacity of screws as a function of local bone morphology has not been obtained. In this study the ultimate pullout loads of screws in the epi-, meta-, and diaphyseal regions(More)
This paper presents a fully automated method for segmenting articular knee cartilage and bone from in vivo 3-D dual echo steady state images. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) datasets were obtained from the Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI) pilot study and include longitudinal images from controls and subjects with knee osteoarthritis (OA) scanned twice(More)
In the treatment of spine fractures and fracture-dislocations, stability of the spine is one of the major objectives. In the craniocervical joint, the alar and transverse ligaments provide much of the stability of the healthy spine. Because the anatomy appears well described, the contribution of each of these structures so far has received little attention.(More)
BACKGROUND Quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (qMRI) may provide valuable measures of cartilage morphology in osteoarthritis (OA) but has been confined to sequences with relatively long acquisition times at 1.5 Tesla (T). OBJECTIVE To test the accuracy and precision of knee cartilage qMRI with a fast double echo, steady state (DESS) sequence with(More)
PURPOSE Software-based image analysis is important for studies of cartilage changes in knee osteoarthritis (OA). This study describes an evaluation of a semi-automated cartilage segmentation software tool capable of quantifying paired images for potential use in longitudinal studies of knee OA. We describe the methodology behind the analysis and demonstrate(More)
Phased-array (PA) coils generally provide higher signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) than quadrature knee coils. In this pilot study for the Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI) we compared these two types of coils in terms of contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), precision, and consistency of quantitative femorotibial cartilage measurements. Test-retest measurements were(More)
OBJECTIVE Fast low angle shot (FLASH) and double echo steady state (DESS) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) acquisitions were recently cross-calibrated for quantification of cartilage morphology at 3T. In this pilot study for the osteoarthritis (OA) initiative we compare their test-retest-precision and sensitivity to longitudinal change. METHOD Nine(More)
The geometric properties of 380 vertebral pedicles, ranging from T6 to L5, were analysed. Measurement were made directly from the specimens as well as from roentgenograms. The parameters considered were the horizontal and vertical pedicle diameters, pedicle angles in the transverse and sagittal planes, and the transverse and anteroposterior widths of the(More)
The relaxivity and bioreduction rates of eight dendrimer-linked nitroxides varying in the number of nitroxides per molecule were measured and the potential use of these compounds as MR contrast agents was demonstrated. The T(1) and T(2) relaxivities, measured at room temperature and 1.5 T, varied linearly with the number of nitroxides per molecule for(More)
This study was designed to investigate the relationship between trunk muscle fatigue and associated changes in the electromyographic (EMG) signals during a dynamic iso-inertial test. Eleven subjects performed dynamic trunk flexion/extension movements against 40% maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) torque until exhaustion in a tri-axial trunk dynamometer.(More)