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OBJECTIVES To report on the process and criteria for selecting acquisition protocols to include in the osteoarthritis initiative (OAI) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study protocol for the knee. METHODS Candidate knee MR acquisition protocols identified from the literature were first optimized at 3Tesla (T). Twelve knees from 10 subjects were scanned(More)
Little knowledge about frequency and duration of daily activities in patients after total hip arthroplasty is available. Such information is required for the definition of realistic load collectives for pre-clinical testing of prostheses. It could also be helpful for the quantitative evaluation of surgery outcome with different prosthesis types. The purpose(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study is to evaluate the performance of gadoxetate disodium-enhanced MRI in the characterization of focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) and hepatocellular adenoma and to assess potential advantages of hepatocyte phase imaging in identifying features that distinguish FNH from hepatocellular adenoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
Fracture fixation in severe osteoporotic bone by means of implants that rely on screw anchorage is still a clinical problem. So far, a sufficiently accurate prediction of the holding capacity of screws as a function of local bone morphology has not been obtained. In this study the ultimate pullout loads of screws in the epi-, meta-, and diaphyseal regions(More)
Stabilization of the fracture using implants requires contact surfaces between implant and bone. Such contact has been observed to induce bone porosis first seen at one month after surgery. Bone loss in the vicinity of implants has hitherto been explained as being induced by mechanical unloading of the bone (stress protection). Experiments in sheep, dogs,(More)
This work evaluates the ability of quantitative MRI to discriminate between normal and pathological human osteochondral plugs characterized by the Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI) histological system. Normal and osteoarthritic human osteochondral plugs were scored using the OARSI histological system and imaged at 3 T using MRI sequences(More)
This paper presents a fully automated method for segmenting articular knee cartilage and bone from in vivo 3-D dual echo steady state images. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) datasets were obtained from the Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI) pilot study and include longitudinal images from controls and subjects with knee osteoarthritis (OA) scanned twice(More)
INTRODUCTION Failure of pedicle screws by loosening and back out remains a significant clinical problem. Pedicle screw fixation is determined by bone mineral density, pedicle morphology and screw design. The objective of this study was to compare the holding strength of newly developed dual core pedicle screws having a cylindrical design in terms of outer(More)
OBJECTIVE Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging with contrast media has shown promise for articular cartilage assessment. Dendrimer-linked nitroxides, a new family of MR contrast agents targeted to glycosaminoglycan, may improve cartilage evaluation. This study is designed to determine the ability of dendrimer-linked nitroxides to enhance articular cartilage and(More)
OBJECTIVE Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging methods have been proposed for non-invasive evaluation of osteoarthritis (OA). We measured cell toxicities of cartilage-targeted low-generation dendrimer-linked nitroxide MR contrast agents and gadopentetate dimeglumine (Gd-DTPA) on cultured chondrocytes. DESIGN A long-term Swarm rat(More)