Erika Loetscher

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Regulation of neurotransmission via group-III metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR4, -6, -7, and -8) has recently been implicated in the pathophysiology of affective disorders, such as major depression and anxiety. For instance, mice with a targeted deletion of the gene for mGluR7 (mGluR7-/-) showed antidepressant and anxiolytic-like effects in a variety(More)
The noradrenergic system may play a role in antipsychotic modulation of schizophrenia symptoms. Therefore, the antagonistic potencies of the antipsychotics clozapine, chlorpromazine, risperidone, olanzapine, haloperidol, quetiapine, ziprasidone, iloperidone and aripiprazole were quantified using cell lines expressing the recombinant human(More)
Pharmacological characterization of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors has been hampered by the difficulty to outwit cytotoxicity after functional expression in recombinant systems. In this study a muristerone-inducible expression system for the NNMDA-R1 subunit was used. This was combined with constitutive expression of NMDA-R2A, 2B, 2C and 2D in(More)
Brain serotonin 5-HT(7) receptors are known to be expressed in neurons and astrocytes. We now report the presence of these receptors in a third type of cell, microglial cells. 5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), 5-carboxamidotryptamine (5-CT), 5-methoxytryptamine (5-MeOT) and 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin (8-OH-DPAT) induced concentration-dependent(More)
Decreases in the 67 kDa isoenzyme of brain glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD(67)) expression have been consistently found in patients with bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. In animals GAD(67) expression is diminished by chronic, but not acute stimulation of dopamine D(2) receptors and by short-term blockade of NMDA receptors. In contrast, chronic treatment(More)
Recombinant 5-hydroxytryptamine 5-HT7 receptors are known to express constitutive, i.e., agonist-independent activity. Nonselective ligands, like methiothepin, ritanserin or clozapine behave as full inverse agonists at 5-HT7 receptors. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the degree of inverse agonist activity of three selective 5-HT7 receptor(More)
Iloperidone has demonstrated an interesting monoamine receptor profile in radioligand binding studies, with nanomolar affinity for certain noradrenaline, dopamine, and serotonin receptors. In this study, the agonist/antagonist activity of iloperidone was determined in cell lines expressing recombinant human D(2A), D(3), alpha(2C), 5-HT(1A), or 5-HT(6)(More)
The gene segments encoding the constant and variable regions of human immunoglobulin light chains of the kappa type (C kappa, V kappa) have been localized to chromosome 2. The distance between the C kappa and V kappa genes and the number of germline V kappa genes are unknown. As part of our work on the human V kappa locus, we have now mapped two solitary V(More)
BACKGROUND Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) regulates the egress of T cells from lymphoid organs; levels of S1P in the tissues are controlled by S1P lyase (Sgpl1). Hence, Sgpl1 offers a target to block T cell-dependent inflammatory processes. However, the involvement of Sgpl1 in models of disease has not been fully elucidated yet, since Sgpl1 KO mice have a(More)
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