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Four strains of white rot fungi, including two strains of Pleurotus sp., one Dichomitus squalens, and one Ganoderma applanatum, were grown on milled straw. After colonization of the straw by the fungi, sterile or nonsterile plugs of soil were added to the fungal substrates. The influence of the sterile soil and the indigenous soil microbiota on fungal(More)
Mixed cultures degrading chlorinated benzenes, chlorinated phenols, or hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) as the sole source of carbon and energy were obtained by enrichment from contaminated soil samples. Cultures which metabolized 3-chlorophenol (3-CP), 2,3-dichlorophenol (2,3-DCP), or 2,6-dichlorophenol (2,6-DCP) were able to utilize several other chlorinated(More)
Pleurotus sp. was grown in liquid medium and on a solid straw substrate, and activities of laccase and manganese-dependent peroxidase (MnP) were recorded. The activities were the highest in a rich, glucose corn-steep liquid medium. In straw cultures, laccase activity was about ten times lower. Under solid state conditions, MnP production was the highest(More)
The continuing research and further development in flat panel detector technology have led to its integration into more and more medical x-ray systems for two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) imaging, such as fixed or mobile C arms. Besides the obvious advantages of flat panel detectors, like the slim design and the resulting optimum(More)
The structural elucidation of 2α-cyclodextrin/1-octanethiol, 2α-cyclodextrin/1-octylamine and 2α-cyclodextrin/1-nonanoic acid inclusion complexes by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and molecular modeling has been achieved. The detailed spatial configurations are proposed for the three inclusion complexes based on 2D NMR method. ROESY(More)
We report the synthesis of a 1:1 β-cyclodextrin-phenylethylamine (βCD-PhEA) inclusion complex (IC) and the adhesion of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) onto microcrystals of this complex, which forms a ternary system. The formation of the IC was confirmed by powder X-ray diffraction and NMR analyses ((1)H and ROESY). The stability constant of the IC (760 M(-1))(More)
Cyclodextrin (CD) molecules form inclusion compounds (ICs), generating dimers that are capable of encapsulating molecules derived from long-chain hydrocarbons. The aim of this study is to evaluate the structural changes experienced by ICs in solution with increasing temperatures. For this, a nuclear magnetic resonance (¹H-NMR) titration was performed to(More)
Biophysikalische Chemie I Flüssigkeiten I Hohe Drücke I Magnetische Kernresonanz The concentration dependence of the activation volume AV* and the free activation enthalpy A G * for the inversion of the dimethylaminogroup has been determined in a series of dimethylamides in aqueous solution by high pressure H R N M R (p m a x = 150 MPa) . The compounds(More)