Erika Garner-Spitzer

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Toxoplasma gondii is a ubiquitous intracellular parasite affecting most mammals including humans. In epidemiological studies, infection with T. gondii and allergy development have been postulated to be inversely related. Using a mouse model of birch pollen allergy we investigated whether infection with T. gondii influences allergic immune responses to birch(More)
We have previously shown in mice that vaccination with three Her-2-peptides representing B-cell epitopes of the extracellular domain of Her-2/neu induces Her-2/neu-specific IgG antibodies with strong anti-tumor activity in vitro and in vivo. We have now finalized a phase I clinical trial with an anti-Her-2/neu vaccine-construct of immunopotentiating(More)
The IgE-mediated and Th2-dependent late-phase reaction remains a mechanistically enigmatic and daunting element of human allergic inflammation. In this study, we uncover the FcεRI on dendritic cells (DCs) as a key in vivo component of this form of allergy. Because rodent, unlike human, DCs lack FcεRI, this mechanism could be revealed only by using a new(More)
INTRODUCTION We recently published a study on the persistence of seroprotection 10 years after primary hepatitis A vaccination in an unselected study population of 1014 vaccinees. The majority of these vaccinees still exhibited sufficient protective antibody levels, while 2% displayed antibody concentrations below detection level. In order to investigate(More)
Evaluation of safety, immunogenicity and efficacy of vaccines during licensing studies is performed in relation to the selected vaccination route. For most adjuvanted vaccines, such as the TBE vaccine FSME-IMMUN, only intramuscular (i.m.) administration is licensed. Yet in certain situations, either because of medical indications, accidental application or(More)
Low responsiveness/nonresponsiveness is characterized by an insufficient immune response upon primary and/or booster vaccination and affects 1-10% of vaccinees. In the current study, we aimed to investigate whether nonresponsiveness is an Ag/vaccine-specific phenomenon and to clarify underlying immunological mechanisms. Nonresponders to tick-borne(More)
There are 2 major factors responsible for vaccine failures, the first is vaccine-related such as failures in vaccine attenuation, vaccination regimes or administration. The other is host-related, of which host genetics, immune status, age, health or nutritional status can be associated with primary or secondary vaccine failures. The first describes the(More)
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