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To rationalize conflicting data in the literature, the latency of attachment of fed and fasted rat pups to the nipples of their anesthetized mother has been studied at various postnatal ages. At 10 and 14 days of age, the mode of fasting had a critical effect on the results: pups fasted in a 30 degrees C incubator had shorter attachment latencies than fed(More)
Sensori-motor development and performance of daily living skills (DLS) remain little explored in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The objective of this study was to determine the impact of sensori-motor skills on the performance of DLS in preschool children with ASD. Thirty-five children, 3-4 years of age, were recruited and assessed with a(More)
This study assessed the effect of an oral stimulation program on the maturation of sucking skills of preterm infants. Thirty-two preterm infants (13 males, 19 females), appropriate size for gestational age (gestational age at birth 28 wks, SD 1.2wks; birthweight 1002g, SD 251g), were randomly placed into experimental and control groups. The experimental(More)
AIM The determination of rehabilitation effectiveness in children with cerebral palsy (CP) depends on the metric properties of the outcome measure. We evaluated the reliability of kinematic measures of functional upper limb reaching movements in children with CP. METHOD Thirteen children (ten females, three males) with spastic hemiplegic, diplegic, or(More)
One hundred and forty-three healthy children between six months and two years of age were studied to determine the effect of food texture on chewing duration. Texture determined very strongly how long a bite of food was chewed, with solids taking longest, followed by viscous food and purée, respectively. As children got older they became more efficient at(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to determine whether oral, tactile/kinaesthetic (T/K), or combined (oral+T/K) interventions enhance oral feeding performance and whether combined interventions have an additive/synergistic effect. METHOD Seventy-five preterm infants (mean gestational age 29 wk; standard error of the mean [SEM] 0.3 wk; mean birthweight(More)
Eating impairments (dysphagia) in children with cerebral palsy (CP) have been well documented. However, individual components of ingestion, such as the feeding skills of eating and drinking and their relationship to oral-motor planning skills (praxis), remain largely undetermined. The purpose of the present study was to examine functional feeding and oral(More)
7 children aged 2-16 with severe cerebral palsy and growth failure were compared with children of the same weight in respect of their eating efficiency. Children with cerebral palsy took 2-12 times longer to chew and swallow a standard amount of puréed food and 1-15 times longer for solid food than did their weight-controls. A behaviour score of feeding(More)