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OBJECTIVE To assess whether an oral stimulation program, before the introduction of oral feeding, enhances the oral feeding performance of preterm infants born between 26 and 29 weeks' gestational age. STUDY DESIGN Preterm infants (n = 32) were randomized into an experimental and control group. Infants in the experimental group received an oral(More)
In this article the authors propose that non-organic failure to thrive (FTT) is a growth failure secondary to feeding-skills disorder, and that this disorder is neurophysiological in origin. The symptoms of feeding-skills disorder were suggestive of an oral sensorimotor impairment which is usually present from birth or early life, but tends to go(More)
To rationalize conflicting data in the literature, the latency of attachment of fed and fasted rat pups to the nipples of their anesthetized mother has been studied at various postnatal ages. At 10 and 14 days of age, the mode of fasting had a critical effect on the results: pups fasted in a 30 degrees C incubator had shorter attachment latencies than fed(More)
7 children aged 2-16 with severe cerebral palsy and growth failure were compared with children of the same weight in respect of their eating efficiency. Children with cerebral palsy took 2-12 times longer to chew and swallow a standard amount of puréed food and 1-15 times longer for solid food than did their weight-controls. A behaviour score of feeding(More)
  • E G Gisel
  • 1988
Chewing movements of normal 5-, 6-, 7-, and 8-year-old children were measured and compared across age, food textures, and gender. Applesauce, graham cracker, and raisins were used. Measures were taken on 98 children: eighteen 5-year-olds (9 boys, 9 girls); thirty-five 6-year-olds (16 boys, 19 girls); twenty-six 7-year-olds (13 boys, 13 girls); and nineteen(More)
  • E G Gisel
  • 1991
One hundred and forty-three healthy children between six months and two years of age were studied to determine the effect of food texture on chewing duration. Texture determined very strongly how long a bite of food was chewed, with solids taking longest, followed by viscous food and purée, respectively. As children got older they became more efficient at(More)
This study describes tongue movements of 4- and 5-year-old Down's syndrome children during eating and then compares the movements to those of age-matched normal children. The study is the second in a long-term project to develop a standardized eating assessment for children. Tongue movements were monitored in 26 children: 14 were 4 years +/- 2 months (8(More)
This study assessed the effect of an oral stimulation program on the maturation of sucking skills of preterm infants. Thirty-two preterm infants (13 males, 19 females), appropriate size for gestational age (gestational age at birth 28 wks, SD 1.2wks; birthweight 1002g, SD 251g), were randomly placed into experimental and control groups. The experimental(More)
Chewing movements of normal 2-, 3-, and 4-year-old children were measured. Chewing movements of 2- and 3-year-olds were compared with those of 4- and 5-year-olds. Measures were taken on 56 children: 17 were 2 years old (8 female, 9 male); 19 were 3 years old (10 female, 9 male); and 20 were 4 years old (10 female and 10 male). Data of twenty 5-year-olds (10(More)
Eating movements in the preschool child undergo change between the ages of 2 and 5 years. There is a lack of objective clinical data from normal children against which eating movements of feeding-impaired children can be compared. In this study, chewing movements were measured to complement tongue movements described in an earlier study. The movements were(More)