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Jasmonic acid (JA) has long been hypothesized to be an important regulator of insect-induced volatile emission; however, current models are based primarily on circumstantial evidence derived from pharmacological studies. Using beet armyworm caterpillars (BAW: Spodoptera exigua) and intact corn seedlings, we examine this hypothesis by measuring both the(More)
Rhizobia are non-spore-forming soil bacteria that fix atmospheric nitrogen into ammonia in a symbiosis with legume roots. However, in the absence of a legume host, rhizobia manage to survive and hence must have evolved strategies to adapt to diverse environmental conditions. The capacity to respond to variations in nutrient availability enables the(More)
RSalpha sequencing is a valuable tool for identification of bacterial strains, and for evaluating the genetic structure of indigenous rhizobial populations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate, qualitatively, the presence or absence of RSalpha fragment in peanut-nodulating strains isolated from plants grown at four sites in central Argentina. RSalpha(More)
The success of rhizobial inoculation on plant roots is often limited by several factors, including environmental conditions, the number of infective cells applied, the presence of competing indigenous (native) rhizobia, and the inoculation method. Many approaches have been taken to solve the problem of inoculant competition by naturalized populations of(More)
Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria ameliorate environmental conditions for plants by facilitating nutrient uptake and mitigating disease susceptibility. While volatile chemicals from certain soil microbes are sufficient to elicit growth and defense responses in Arabidopsis, whether such volatile signals can induce essential oil accumulation and chemical(More)
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs), characterized by low molecular weight and high vapor pressure, are produced by all organisms as part of normal metabolism, and play important roles in communication within and between organisms. We examined the effects of VOCs released by three species of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (Pseudomonas fluorescens,(More)
Plant tissues may show chemical changes following herbivory. In aromatic plants such changes could affect the specific compounds on which commercial exploitation is based. This possibility was analyzed for Mintosthachys mollis, a member of the Lamiaceae native to Central Argentina with medicinal and aromatic uses in the region, and two types of insect(More)
Plants display a diverse array of inducible changes in secondary metabolites following insect herbivory. Herbivores differ in their feeding behavior, physiology, and mode of attachment to the leaf surface, and such variations might be reflected in the induced responses of damaged plants. Induced changes were analyzed for Minthostachys mollis, a Lamiaceae(More)
Plant tissues may show chemical changes following damage. This possibility was analyzed for Minthostachys mollis, a Lamiaceae native to Central Argentina with medicinal and aromatic uses in the region. Effects of mechanical damage on its two dominant monoterpenes, pulegone and menthone, were analyzed by perforating M. mollis leaves and then assessing(More)
Italian oregano (Origanumxmajoricum) was subjected to root system inoculation with three species of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPRs) (Pseudomonas fluorescens, Bacillus subtilis, Azospirillum brasilense), and essential oil (EO) content and plant growth were measured. Composition of monoterpenes, a major EO component, was analyzed qualitative and(More)